Ch2 Flashcards Preview

Community Health > Ch2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch2 Deck (29)
Loading flashcards...
1

founded in 1872 by Clara Barton that today seeks to reduce human suffering through health, safety, and disaster-relief programs

American Red Cross

2

pioneering nurse who established the Frontier Nursing School to deliver community health services to families in rural Kentuckey

Mary Breckinridge

3

a system in public health nursing in which a nurse was assigned to a geographic district in a town to provide a variety of health services for its residents

district nursing

4

an early term for visitng nursing. Begun in Boston, it emphasized health education and care to families

instructive district nursing

5

a life insurance company that provided home nursing services for its beneficiaries and their families from 1909-1952

Metropolitan Life Insurance Company

6

a national nursing organization that began as the American Society of superintendents of Training Schools of Nursing and later the National League for Nursing Education. Initially established nurse training standards and promoted collegial relations among nurses

National League for Nursing (NLN)

7

a British philanthropist who founded the first district nursing association in Liverpool. With Florence Nightingale, he advocated for district nursing throughout England

William Rathborne

8

neighborhood centers providing social and health services

settlement houses

9

the first attempt to describe a model approach to the organization of public health

Shattuck Report

10

enacted to protect the health of people and included funds for education and employment of public health nurses

Social Security Act of 1935

11

agencies staffed by nurses who provide care for patients and families most often in the home

visiting nurse associations

12

nurses who provide care wherever the client may be

visiting nurses

13

the first public health nurse in the United States and an influential social reformer. She founded the Henry Street Settlement (later the Visiting Nurse Service of New York)

Lillian Ward

14

Effective planning for the future is built upon

learning from our predecessors

15

part of the appeal of public health nursing has been its

autonomy of practice and independence in problem solving and decision making, as well as the interdisciplinary nature of the specialty

16

guaranteed medical care for the poor, blind, and lame

Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601

17

Colonial Americans established systems of care for the sick, poor, aged, mentally ill, and dependent based on

the model of the Elizabethan Poor Law

18

first hospital in the US

Pennsylvania Hospital 1751

19

After the American Revolution, the threat of disease, particularly yellow fever, led to public interest in establishing

govt sponsored boards of health

20

establish a state health department and local health boards in every town
conducting sanitary surveys and collecting vital stats
improving environmental sanitation
control of food, drug, and communicable disease
Controlling smoking and the use of alcohol
town planning
teaching preventative medicine in med schools

Shattuck report 1850 by the Massachusetts Sanitary Commission

21

important bc it was the first proposal for modern approach to public health organization

shattuck report

22

Thought that nursing should promote health and prevent illness and emphasized proper nutrition, rest, sanitation, and hygeine

Nightingale

23

initiated home nursing care outside of the larger cities

American Red Cross

24

first school nurse and Henry Street resident

Lina Rogers

25

first president of National Organization for Public Health Nursing

Lillian Wald

26

began the first post grad nursing course in public health at Teachers College

Mary Adelaide Nutting; American Red Cross provided scholarships to boost attendance

27

established in 1872 to facilitate interdisciplinary efforts and promote the practical application of public hygeine

American Public Health Association

28

problems of maternal and child morbidity and mortality spurred the ________ and provided federal matching funds to establish maternal and child health divisions in state health depts

maternity and infancy act (Sheppard-Towner Act) 1921

29

introduced the first nurse-midwives in the us

mary breckinridge