Ch2 Flashcards Preview

Community Health > Ch2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch2 Deck (29)
Loading flashcards...

founded in 1872 by Clara Barton that today seeks to reduce human suffering through health, safety, and disaster-relief programs

American Red Cross


pioneering nurse who established the Frontier Nursing School to deliver community health services to families in rural Kentuckey

Mary Breckinridge


a system in public health nursing in which a nurse was assigned to a geographic district in a town to provide a variety of health services for its residents

district nursing


an early term for visitng nursing. Begun in Boston, it emphasized health education and care to families

instructive district nursing


a life insurance company that provided home nursing services for its beneficiaries and their families from 1909-1952

Metropolitan Life Insurance Company


a national nursing organization that began as the American Society of superintendents of Training Schools of Nursing and later the National League for Nursing Education. Initially established nurse training standards and promoted collegial relations among nurses

National League for Nursing (NLN)


a British philanthropist who founded the first district nursing association in Liverpool. With Florence Nightingale, he advocated for district nursing throughout England

William Rathborne


neighborhood centers providing social and health services

settlement houses


the first attempt to describe a model approach to the organization of public health

Shattuck Report


enacted to protect the health of people and included funds for education and employment of public health nurses

Social Security Act of 1935


agencies staffed by nurses who provide care for patients and families most often in the home

visiting nurse associations


nurses who provide care wherever the client may be

visiting nurses


the first public health nurse in the United States and an influential social reformer. She founded the Henry Street Settlement (later the Visiting Nurse Service of New York)

Lillian Ward


Effective planning for the future is built upon

learning from our predecessors


part of the appeal of public health nursing has been its

autonomy of practice and independence in problem solving and decision making, as well as the interdisciplinary nature of the specialty


guaranteed medical care for the poor, blind, and lame

Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601


Colonial Americans established systems of care for the sick, poor, aged, mentally ill, and dependent based on

the model of the Elizabethan Poor Law


first hospital in the US

Pennsylvania Hospital 1751


After the American Revolution, the threat of disease, particularly yellow fever, led to public interest in establishing

govt sponsored boards of health


establish a state health department and local health boards in every town
conducting sanitary surveys and collecting vital stats
improving environmental sanitation
control of food, drug, and communicable disease
Controlling smoking and the use of alcohol
town planning
teaching preventative medicine in med schools

Shattuck report 1850 by the Massachusetts Sanitary Commission


important bc it was the first proposal for modern approach to public health organization

shattuck report


Thought that nursing should promote health and prevent illness and emphasized proper nutrition, rest, sanitation, and hygeine



initiated home nursing care outside of the larger cities

American Red Cross


first school nurse and Henry Street resident

Lina Rogers


first president of National Organization for Public Health Nursing

Lillian Wald


began the first post grad nursing course in public health at Teachers College

Mary Adelaide Nutting; American Red Cross provided scholarships to boost attendance


established in 1872 to facilitate interdisciplinary efforts and promote the practical application of public hygeine

American Public Health Association


problems of maternal and child morbidity and mortality spurred the ________ and provided federal matching funds to establish maternal and child health divisions in state health depts

maternity and infancy act (Sheppard-Towner Act) 1921


introduced the first nurse-midwives in the us

mary breckinridge