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Flashcards in Ch 1 Deck (49)
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1

Vaccines
both primary care and public health services that are designed to meet the basic needs of people in communities at an affordable cost

primary care

2

services designed to detect and treat disease in the early acute stage

secondary prevention

3

services designed to limit the progression of disease or disability

tertiary prevention

4

Focus is on illness care of individuals and families across the life span

Community Based Nursing (CBN)

5

goal is to manage acute and chronic

Community based nursing

6

home health, hospice, clinic, school work

community based nursing practice areas

7

clients are usually ill, individuals and families

Community based nursing

8

Focus is on health care of entire communities or populations as well as health care of individuals, families and groups-promote quality of life

Community oriented Nursing

9

Goal is to prevent disease and preserve, protect, promote, restore, or maintain health

community oriented nursing

10

clients are usually at risk individuals, families, groups, populations

community oriented nursing

11

practice areas include specialty of public health nursing, community health nurse, govt agency

practice areas for community oriented nursing

12

roles include social engineer, educator, advocate, counselor, or case manager

community oriented roles

13

What is the primary difference between public health nursing and community based nursing?

The primary difference is that public health nurses focus on populations and health of the community versus a community-based nursing focuses on illness care of individuals and families

14

What is public health?

a scientific discipline that includes the study of epidemiology, statistics, and assessment-including attention to behavioral, cultural, and economic factors-as well as program planning and policy development

15

What is the goal of public health?

organize community efforts that will use a scientific and technical knowledge to prevent disease and promote health

16

Public health Core Functions

Assessment
policy development
assurance

17

systematic data collection on the population, monitoring the population's health status, and making information available about he health of the community
*monitor health status to identify community health problems
*diagnose and investigate health problems and hazard in the community

assessment

18

efforts to develop policies that support the health of the population, including using a scientific knowledge base to make policy decisions
*inform, educate, and empower people about health issues
*mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems
*develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts

policy development

19

making sure that essential community-oriented health services are available: includes providing essential personal health services for individuals, as well as a competent PH workforce
*Enforce laws and regulations that protect heatlh and ensure safety
*link people to needed personal health services and ensure the provision of health care that is otherwise unavailable
*ensure a competent public health and personal health care workforce
*Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services
*research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems

assurance

20

making sure services determined to be needed are provided by some agency in the community: What core function?

assurance

21

Asking community leaders what services are needed: What core function?

assessment

22

Speaking at town hall meeting about the Patient Affordable Care Act: What core function?

policy development

23

nurse practioner

community based

24

staff at a community health center

community oriented

25

director of nursing in a health department

community oriented

26

VP of nursing in a hospital

Neither community oriented nor community based nursing-hospitals are institutions....

27

hospice

community based nursing

28

a collection of indivudals who share one or more personal or environmental characteristics

population or aggregate

29

subsets of the population who share similar characteristics

subpopulations

30

problems are defined and solutions are implemented for or with a defined population or subpopulation

population-focused practice