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Flashcards in CH 12 Deck (34)
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1

population or defined group

aggregate

2

nursing role that facilitates change in client or agency behavior to more readily achieve goals. This role stresses gathering and analyzing facts and implementing programs

change agent

3

a nursing role that facilitates change in client or agency behavior to more readily achieve goals. this role includes the ctivities of serving as an enabler-catalyst, teaching problem solving skills, and acting as an activist advocate

change partner

4

people and relationships that emerge among them as they develop and use in common some agencies and institutions and a physical environment

community

5

process of critically thinking about the community and getting to know and understand the community as a client. Assessments help id community needs, clarify problems, and id strengths and resources

community assessment

6

meeting collective needs by identifying problems and managing interactions within the community and larger society. This is the goal of community oriented practice

community health

7

actual or potential difficulties within a target populaiton with identifiable causes and consequences in the environment

community health problems

8

resources available to meet a community health need

community health strengths

9

a clinical approach in which the nurse and community join in partnership and work together for healthful change

community oriented practice

10

collaborative decision-making process participated in by community members and professionals

community partnership

11

what does the community as partner model provide us with?

map (guide for methods of action) and boundaries (define areas of concern for nursing)

12

why don't we use medical model any more?

excludes health promotion
(disease oriented, illness and organ focused with pathological emphasis)

13

sunscreen to prevent cancer

primary prevention

14

immunizations

primary prevention

15

breast self-exam

secondary prevention

16

aimed at reducing encounters with stressors or strengthening the lines of defense

primary prevention

17

occurs after a stressor crosses the line of defense and causes a reaction-aimed at early detection to prevent further damage

secondary prevention

18

TB skin test

secondary prevention

19

rehabiliation and meditation

tertiary prevention

20

List the 8 subsystems of community which provide a community health nurse a framework for assessment

physical environment
education
safety and transportation
politics and govt
health and social services
communication
economics
recreation

21

normal line of defense
the level of health the community has reached overtime
high rate of immunity, low mortality rate, above poverty level

health

22

flexible line of defense; temporary response to stressors-neighborhood mobilization against a stressor

buffer zone

23

lines of resistance; internal mechanisms that act to defend against stressors; evening recreational program for youths, no fee health clinic to diagnose STDs are examples

strengths

24

tension producing stimuli that have a potential for causing disequilibrium to the system

stressors

25

the concept of community includes which three dimensions?

people, place, and function

26

What are three characteristics or dimensions of community health?

status, structure, and process

27

What is the best community health strategy at the status dimension?

primary or secondary prevention bc objective is either to prevent a disease or treat its early stages

28

what is the best community health strategy at the structural dimension?

health services and/or community development

29

What is the best community health strategy if emphasis is on the process dimension?

the level of intervention of the nurse in community health-best strategy is health promotion (primary prevention strategy)

30

involve the collection of data that will help define the community, the trends, stability, and changes that will affect the health of the community

windshield surveys