Neurodevelopmental Disorders/Conditions arising in Early Life Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neurodevelopmental Disorders/Conditions arising in Early Life Deck (29)
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1

This condition usually begins in infancy; people with it have low intelligence that causes them to need special help in coping with life

Intellectual disability

2

This term indicates persons nominally ranked in the IQ
range of 71–84 who do not have the coping problems associated with intellectual disability

Borderline intellectual functioning

3

From early childhood, the patient has impaired social interactions and communications, and shows stereotyped behaviors and interests

Autism spectrum disorder

4

Use when a child under the age of 5 seems to be falling behind developmentally but you cannot reliably assess the degree

Global developmental delay

5

Use this category when a child 5 years old or older cannot be reliably assessed, perhaps due to physical or mental impairment

Unspecified intellectual disability

6

A child’s delay in using spoken and written language is characterized by small vocabulary, grammatically incorrect sentences, and/or trouble understanding words
or sentences

Language disorder

7

Despite adequate vocabulary and the ability to
create sentences, these patients have trouble with the practical use of language; their conversational
interactions tend to be inappropriate

Social (pragmatic) communication disorder

8

Correct speech develops slowly for the patient’s age or dialect

Speech sound disorder

9

The normal fluency of speech is frequently
disrupted

Childhood-onset fluency disorder (stuttering)

10

A child chooses not to talk, except when alone or with select intimates.
(DSM-5 lists this as an anxiety disorder)

Selective mutism

11

This may involve problems with reading, mathematics, or written expression

Specific learning disorder

12

Use for communication problems where you haven’t
enough information to make a specific diagnosis

Unspecified communication disorder

13

The patient is slow to develop motor coordination;
some also have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or learning disorders

Developmental coordination disorder

14

Patients repeatedly rock, bang their heads, bite themselves, or pick at their own skin or body orifices

Stereotypic movement disorder

15

Multiple vocal and motor tics occur frequently throughout the day in these patients

Tourette’s disorder

16

A patient has either motor or vocal tics, but not both

Persistent (chronic) motor or vocal tic disorder

17

Tics occur for no longer than 1 year

Provisional tic disorder

18

Use one of these categories for tics that do not meet the
criteria for any of the preceding

Other or unspecified tic disorder

19

In this common condition, patients are hyperactive, impulsive, or inattentive, and often all three

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

20

Use these categories for symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, or inattention that do not meet full criteria
for ADHD

Other specified (or unspecified) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

21

Multiple examples of negativistic behavior persist for at least 6 months

Oppositional defiant disorder

22

A child persistently violates rules or the rights of others

Conduct disorder

23

The patient eats material that is not food

Pica

24

There is persistent regurgitation and chewing of food already eaten

Rumination disorder

25

At age 4 years or later, the patient repeatedly passes feces into clothing or onto the floor

Encopresis

26

At age 5 years or later, there is repeated voiding of urine (it can be voluntary or involuntary) into bedding or clothing

Enuresis

27

During the first part of the night, these patients cry out in apparent fear. Often they don’t really wake up at all. This
behavior is considered pathological only in adults, not children

Non-rapid eye movement sleep arousal disorder, sleep terror type

28

A child’s mood is persistently negative between severe temper outbursts

Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder

29

The patient becomes anxious when apart from parent or home

Separation anxiety disorder