Feeding and Eating Disorders/Elimination Disorders/Sleep-Wake Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Feeding and Eating Disorders/Elimination Disorders/Sleep-Wake Disorders Deck (16)
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Despite the fact that they are severely underweight, these patients see themselves as fat

Anorexia nervosa


These patients eat in binges, then prevent weight gain by self-induced vomiting, purging, and exercise. Although appearance is important to their self-evaluations, they do not have the body image distortion characteristic of anorexia nervosa

Bulimia nervosa


These patients eat in binges, but do not try to compensate by vomiting, exercising, or using laxatives

Binge-eating disorder


The patient eats material that is not food



The person persistently regurgitates and re-chews food already eaten

Rumination disorder


An individual’s failure to eat enough leads to weight loss or a failure to gain weight

Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder


Use one of these categories for a disorder of feeding or eating that does not meet the criteria for any of those mentioned above

Other specified, or unspecified, feeding or eating disorder


It can be comorbid with a medical condition, primary (when there’s no discernible cause), or comorbid with another sleep disorder or mental disorder (most often encountered in patients suffering from major depressive episodes, manic episodes, or even panic attacks)

Insomnia disorder


Breathing problems during sleep

Sleep apnea


Excessive drowsiness or sleepiness can accompany mental or medical disorders, or other sleep disorders; sometimes it’s primary

Hypersomnolence disorder


These people experience a crushing need to sleep, regardless of time of day, causing them to fall asleep almost instantly—sometimes, even when standing. They may also have sleep paralysis, sudden loss of strength (cataplexy), and hallucinations as they fall asleep or awaken



These patients cry out in apparent fear during the first part of the night. Often they don’t really wake up at all. This behavior is considered pathological only in adults, not children

Non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep arousal disorder, sleep terror type


Persistent sleepwalking usually occurs early in the night

Non-REM sleep arousal disorder, sleepwalking type


These patients awaken from REM sleep to speak or thrash about, sometimes injuring themselves or bed partners

Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder


Bad dreams trouble some people more than others

Nightmare disorder


The irresistible need to move one’s legs during periods of inactivity (especially evenings/nights) leads to fatigue and other behavioral/emotional sequels

Restless legs syndrome