Flashcards in MNT Exam Vocab Deck (52)
is a breakdown product of creatine phosphate in muscle, and is usually produced and excreted at a fairly constant rate by the body.
Kidney maintain the blood creatinine in a normal range.
Elevated levels signifies impaired kidney function.
The concentration of a solution expressed as the total number of solute particles per liter (solvent).
The higher the osmolarity, the more solute in the solvent. Think thicker solution.
A measure of the number of dissolved particles per unit of water in serum.
A LOW serum osmolality means a higher than usual amount of water in relation to the amount of particles dissolved in it.
Think, the lower the number, the LESS particles in the water. More water, over hydrated.
Low--> over hydration and edema
High--> deficient fluid volume of cells
temporary loss of consciousness caused by a fall in blood pressure
very virulent or infectious.
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
Opportunistic Infection (OIs)
Infections that occur MORE FREQUENTLY and are MORE SEVERE in individuals with weakened immune systems, including people with HIV.
Usually doesn't affect patients with healthy immune systems.
Think, a weak immune system presents an "opportunity" for the pathogen to infect.
shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
a buildup of fluid between the tissues that line the lungs and the chest
—(Transient Ischemic Attack)
A brief stroke-like attack that, despite resolving within minutes to hours, still requires immediate medical attention to distinguish from an actual stroke.
the production of excessive amounts of urine
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery (CABG)
Is a procedure used to treat coronary artery disease or CHD.
Helps to improve blood flow to the heart.
promotes the proliferation of cancer (cell growth) throughout the body.
Promoters take advantage of genetic mutations and cause cells to grow rapidly.
having to do with metastasis, which is the spread of cancer from the primary site (place where it started) to other places in the body
literally means “new growth”;
an abnormal mass of tissue, the growth of which exceeds and is uncoordinated with that of normal tissue
the action or process of vomiting
weight loss, wasting of muscle, loss of appetite, and general debility (physical weakness) that can occur during a chronic disease
inflammation of a mucous membrane
A type of cancer that develops in the tissue that lines the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
You can actually see the tumor bump.
not harmful in effect; in particular, (of a tumor) not malignant
a fungal infection typically on the skin or mucous membranes caused by candida
a reduction in the number of white cells in the blood, typical of various diseases
a deficiency of platelets in the blood.
This causes bleeding into the tissues, bruising, and slow blood clotting after injury
refers to states where the production of hydrochloric acid in gastric secretions of the stomach and other digestive organs is absent or low
is the excessive discharge of nitrogenous substances in the feces or urine
Blind loop (syndrome)
occurs when part of the small intestine forms a loop that food bypasses during digestion. The presence of this “blind loop” means food may not move normally through the digestive tract
is an operation in which the greater curvature of the stomach is connected to the first part of the jejunum in a side-to-side manner
vague upper abdominal symptoms that may include upper abdominal pain, bloating, early satiety, nausea, or belching
perceived excess gas in the intestinal tract