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Flashcards in Diabetes Exam Deck (26)
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1

DM meds that increases insulin secretion

1. Sulfonylureas
2. Meglitinides
3. GLP-1 receptor antagonist
4. DPP-4 Inhibitor

2

DM meds that improves insulin sensitivity (glucose transport) and decrease insulin resistance

1. Biguanides (Metformin)
2. Thiazolidinediones

3

DM meds that restore/replicate incretin and increase insulin secretion and suppress glucagon secretion.

1. GLP-1 Agonist
2. DPP-4 inhibitors
3. Incretin mimetics

4

DM meds that decrease the absorption of glucose.

1. Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors

5

Which medications can cause hypoglycemia?

1. Meglitinides
2. Sulfonylureas
3. GLP-I Analogs
4. D-phenylalanine

6

Which medications cause GI upset?

1. AGI --> flatulence, diarrhea
2. Biguanides --> D/N, bloating, flatulence, lactic acidosis, anorexia

7

Which medications can cause weight gain?

1. Sulfonylureas
2. Meglitinides
3. D-phenylalanine

8

Rapid acting insulin info.

Onset: 5-15 mins
Peak: 30-90 mins
Duration: 4-6 hours

9

Short acting (regular) insulin

Onset: 30-60 mins
Peak: 2-3 hours
Duration: 5-8 hours

10

Intermediate/NPH

Onset: 2-4 hours
Peaks: 4-10 hours
Duration: 10-16 hours

11

Long-acting insulin: Lantus

Onset: 2-4 hours
Peaks: NONE
Duration: 20-24 hours

12

Long-acting insulin: Levemir

Onset 3-8 hours
Peaks: NONE
Duration: 5.7-23.2 hours

13

Side effects: Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitor

Flatuence, diarrhea

14

Side effects: Biguanides

Diarrhea, nausea, bloating, anorexia, flatulence, lactic acidosis

15

Side effects: Meglitinides

hypoglycemia, wt gain, upset stomach

16

Side effects: Sulfonylurea

hypoglycemia, Wt gain

17

Side effects: Thiazolidinediones

anemia, birth control will not work well, bladder cancer

18

Side effects: D-phenylalanine

Hypoglycemia, wt gain

19

Side effects: GLP-1 Analogs

nausea, headaches, hypoglycemia

20

Which medications cause GI issues?

Biguanides, AGIs, GLP-1 analogs, Meglitinides

21

What 4 things does Incretin Mimetics do?

1. Increases production of insulin
2. Decreases glucose produced by the liver
3. Decreases gastric emptying
4. Decreases appetite which can help people lose wt

22

What does metformin do?

1. Decrease glucose produced by the liver
2. Increases insulin sensitivity
3. Decrease absorption of CHO you consume

23

Helps to decrease the amount of glucose made by the liver:

1. Amylin mimetic
2. Biguanide
3. DPP-4 inhibitors
4. Thiazolidinediones
5. GLP-1 receptor agonists
6. Insulin

24

Helps your pancreas to make more insulin (secretion):

1. DPP-4 Inhibtors
2. Meglitinides
3. Sulfonylureas
4. GLP-1 receptor agonists

25

Helps to improve the way that insulin works in your muscles (sensitivity):

1. Biguanides
2. Thiazolidinediones

26

Helps to slow down the break down of starches/of food in your stomach and intestine:

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitor/Amylin mimetics and GLP-1 receptor agonists