Midterm Part 1 Flashcards Preview

Public Health > Midterm Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm Part 1 Deck (47)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the definition of Health as defined by the World Health Organization?

A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

2

T/F: Public health is clearly defined by WHO and this definition is universally accepted.

False; there is not one, universally accepted, definition of public health

3

What is the oldest and largest organization of public health professionals in the world?

American Public Health Association (1872)

4

What organization defines Public Health as a series of individuals, communities, activities and programs working to PROMOTE health, PREVENT disease/injury/premature death, and to ENSURE conditions in which we all can be safe and healthy?

American Public Health Association (APHA)

5

What organization defines public health as what we as a society do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy?

the Institute of Medicine
(IOM)

6

What are the 3 parts of the Triad/Triangle of Health?

Host, Agent, and Environment

7

What is the main goal of public health?

prevention

8

What are the 3 core functions of the 10 essential public health services?

Assessment, Policy development, and Assurance

9

Which core function of public health services would monitoring the health of a community fall under?

Assessment

10

Which core function of public health services would informing/educating people about health issues fall under?

policy development

11

Which core function of public health services would enforcing laws (regulations that protect health/ensure safety) fall under?

Assurance

12

What should the goal of any community or health care provider be?

to prolong the number of years of healthy life of the population

13

What is the term for the incidence of disease within a population?

Morbidity

14

What is the term for the number of people who have died from a disease or condition?

Mortality

15

T/F: Life expectancy is defined as the limit of natural life./

False; this is the definition of life span

16

What is the term for the average length of life a person or group is likely to live?

life expectancy

17

What is the current life expectancy?

78

18

Since the year 1900, life expectancy has risen from between late 40s-early 50s to an average life expectancy in the late 70s - early 80s. How many of those years have been attributed to advances in public health?

25

19

T/F: Primary care is typically based in an office setting (outpatient).

True

20

T/F: Tertiary care emphasizes prevention, health promotion, and health maintenance.

False; this is true of primary care

21

T/F: Primary care is more specific than general.

False; primary care is more general than specific (i.e. screenings)

22

T/F: Secondary care is considered hospital setting-based.

True

23

Patients who have been rendered at least partially non-ambulatory by their health problem and are bed-ridden for at least a portion of the day typically seek which type of care, secondary or tertiary?

Secondary care

24

T/F: Tertiary care includes so-called "routine surgeries" and is more specialized, intensive and costly than primary care.

False; this is true of secondary care

25

Which type of care uses more advanced techniques, equipment and personnel - secondary or tertiary?

Tertiary

26

Which type of care is most expensive. primary, secondary, or tertiary?

tertiary

27

What's the simple way to discern primary, secondary and tertiary care?

Primary - Doc in the Box
Secondary - Imaging center
Tertiary - Mayo Clinic Specialized Surgery

28

T/F: Chiropractic Care is very specific and is thus considered Tertiary Care.

False; considered primary care (think prevention)

29

What is the term for Prevention of the occurence or the incidence of illness or injury via risk reduction in susceptible population?

Primary Prevention

30

What is the term fro prevention of disease/injury progression via early detection and prompt intervention?

Secondary Prevention (reduce the extent of the burden)