Flashcards in Midterm Part 3 Deck (58)
What are the 5 leading chronic diseases in the US?
1-Heart disease and Stroke
What are the 5 leading causes of Death in the US?
1- Heart Disease
3- Chronic Respiratory Diseases
T/F: Diabetes is one of the 5 leading causes of death in the US.
False; it is however one of the leading chronic diseases.
T/F: Stroke is the #2 cause of death in the US.
False; #4 but is #1 on chronic disease list along with Heart disease
T/F: 1/2 of American adults are currently affected by Heart Disease.
Who is more likely to develop heart disease in their lifetime, men or women?
men (67%) women (50%)
T/F: Other than the year 1918, Heart Disease has been the #1 cause of death in the US since 1900.
What is the name of the study that has been going on since the 1940s,, has 3 generations of subjects enrolled, and has provided over 100 scientific publications on risk factors for heart disease?
Framingham Heart Study
T/F: Studies have shown that comprehensive lifestyle changes (diet and exercise, etc) can reduce severe atherosclerosis by as much as 82% without the use of lipid-lowering drugs.
T/F: decreasing inflammation can decrease the risk of heart disease
What is the #2 cause of death overall in developed countries and the leading cause of death in people younger than 85?
What are the 3 most common cancers?
lung, breast, and colorectal
What is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men? in women?
What type of cancer most commonly results in death for men? for women?
lung for both
T/F: Colorectal cancer is the #3 diagnosed cancer in both men and women and is also the #3 type of cancer that results in death.
T/F: About 80% of Lung cancer is due to smoking.
What is the most common cause of cancer=related death in both men and women?
T/F: asbestos, radon, arsenic, tar soot, nickel, silica, chromium, and alcohol are all risk factors for lung cancer.
T/F: The incidence of breast cancer has increased.
T/F: 50% of women with breast cancer have no known risk factors.
False; actually 60%
T/F: oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy have been shown to reduce the risk of breast cancer.
False; these increase the risk
When are most cases of colorectal cancer diagnosed?
over the age of 50 (90% of cases)
T/F: Eating an increase in fiber can increase the risk of colorectal cancer.
False; this will decrease the risk
T/F: 1/3 of men under the age of 50 have histological evidence of prostate cancer.
What is the most likely cause of death in men over the age of 80?
T/F: Increasing calcium intake can reduce the risk of prostate cancer
False; decreasing can
What kind of tea has been shown to reduce the risk of prostate cancer?
How much has the incidence of Type 2 Diabetes increased in the middle aged in the past 30 years?
What is the lifetime risk of type 2 diabetes in the US for men? for women?
men - 33%
women - 40%