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Flashcards in Final Part 4 Deck (37)
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1

Who regulates the quality of municipal drinking water?

EPA

2

T/F: Wastewater, liquid waste, and sewage are all technically the same thing.

True

3

What is the purpose of Wastewater Treatment?

to improve quality to be be able to release back into the environment

4

T/F: During typical Wastewater treatment, disinfection is optional.

True; 85-95% of pollutants are removed during Preliminary treatment, Primary treatment (sedimentation), and Secondary treatment (microbial degredation)

5

What is the term for the energy released when atoms split?

radiation

6

What are the 3 sources of natural radiation?

extraterrestrial
terrestrial
internal

7

What are some examples of Human-made radiation?

x-rays, nuclear medicine, consumer products, nuclear power plants, and nuclear weapons

8

What is the greatest source of ionizing raditation?

radon (naturally occurring)

9

T/F: UV-A Radiation cause the most harm to humans of all UV radiation.

False; UV-B does (skin cancers)

10

When looking for skin cancers, what does ABCD stand for?

Asymmetry
Border irregularity
Color
Diameter

11

What is the #1 cause of lung cancer in non-smokers?

Radon

12

When is naturally released radon harmful to humans?

when it becomes trapped inside a building

13

T/F: Disposal of nuclear waste is a problem in the US and there are 103 nuclear power plants in the US in only 31 states.

True

14

What are chemical hazards?

those caused by the mismanagement of chemicals

15

T/F: Children are much less vulnerable to chemical hazards like lead, ETS, and pesticides.

False; much more vulnerable

16

Are health concerns around lead more acute or chronic in nature?

chronic

17

Who helps to regulate the disposal of lead-based products?

RCRA and CERCLA

18

What 1988 Act has allowed the CDC to provide grants allowing states to screen children, ensure referral and provide education about lead poisoning?

The Lead Contamination Control Act

19

What is the term for any organism that has an adverse effect on human interests?

pest

20

T/F: Pesticides can be either natural or synthetic.

True

21

Who most frequently is affected by pesticide poisoning?

children and workers who apply pesticides

22

What does FBDO stand for? This occurs when 2 or more cases of a similar illness result from ingestion of a common food?

Foodborne disease outbreak

23

What is the top causative agent of foodborne disease?

norovirus (58%)
Salmonella (11%)
Clostridium perfringens (10%)

24

T/F: Unintentional injuries result in more than 5 million deaths per year.

True

25

What organization was established in 1992 by the CDC with the mission to prevent injuries and violence and to reduce their consequences?

The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)

26

What is the primary federal organization for violence prevention in the US?

The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)

27

What is the term for deliberately inflicted harm aka violence?

intentional injuries

28

What is the term for unplanned injuries sustained, which is a leading cause of death among persons under 44 years of age?

unintentional injuries

29

T/F: Intentional injuries aka violence account for 1/3 of all injuries.

True

30

What are the top 3 causes for death of people between the ages of 15 and 34?

unintentional injuries (#1)
Homicide (#2)
Suicide (#3)