Flashcards in Medicine in Modern Britain Deck (91)
If someone discovers they may have inherited a breast cancer gene from their mother, they may choose to...
have a mastectomy (their breasts removed)
What was the issue with using x-rays to capture images of DNA?
They were not clear enough
When were electron microscopes increasingly used?
The second half of the 20th century
What do electron microscopes use to illuminate the sample being examined?
A beam of electrons
Electron microscopes can magnify a sample up to how many times?
What is the difference in magnification between an ordinary microscope and an electron microscope?
An electron microscope can magnify up to 10,000,000 times whereas an ordinary microscope can only magnify up to 2,000 times
An ordinary microscope can only magnify up to how many times?
How did electron microscopes help scientists studying DNA?
Allowed them to see DNA and examine how it is formed
Much of the funding for DNA and genetic investigations in modern day has come from...
What has been a large factor in the success of scientific research?
Why do teams of scientists share their research and work together?
To advance knowledge and understanding
True/False: 5 people have been continuously working on the Human Genome Project for years
False, it involved thousands of scientists from all over the world
The Human Genome project involved how many scientists, and from where?
Thousands, from all over the world
When was the NHS created?
The NHS was created as a result of...
The Second World War and the Beveridge Report
Who was the NHS created by?
Aneurin Bevan - the Minister of Health
The NHS was described as a free health service from 'the...
'the cradle to the grave'
True/False: The NHS is a free health service
What was life like before the NHS?
Many people couldn't afford to see a doctor or go to the dentist
What was the impact of the NHS?
Millions of people could get millions of things for the first time in their lives
Give 2 examples of things that people can get free on the NHS
Any 2 from their eyes tested, glasses, false teeth, etc
Treatments have gotten better/worse over the last few decades
Why have treatments gotten better over the last few decades?
As a result of improved understanding of the causes of illness
What treatments are available for conditions including stem cells?
The NHS provides ____ medical care
What were the first treatments that could cure diseases by killing microbes?
What was the first antibiotic to cure diseases and infection?
Give 2 examples of modern treatments
Any 2 from blood transfusions, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, etc
There have been huge improvements in surgery over the last few decades because of...
technological inventions and better medical knowledge