Medicine in Modern Britain Flashcards Preview

GCSE History (Edexcel) - Medicine in Britain > Medicine in Modern Britain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medicine in Modern Britain Deck (91)
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31

If someone discovers they may have inherited a breast cancer gene from their mother, they may choose to...

have a mastectomy (their breasts removed)

32

What was the issue with using x-rays to capture images of DNA?

They were not clear enough

33

When were electron microscopes increasingly used?

The second half of the 20th century

34

What do electron microscopes use to illuminate the sample being examined?

A beam of electrons

35

Electron microscopes can magnify a sample up to how many times?

10,000,000

36

What is the difference in magnification between an ordinary microscope and an electron microscope?

An electron microscope can magnify up to 10,000,000 times whereas an ordinary microscope can only magnify up to 2,000 times

37

An ordinary microscope can only magnify up to how many times?

2,000

38

How did electron microscopes help scientists studying DNA?

Allowed them to see DNA and examine how it is formed

39

Much of the funding for DNA and genetic investigations in modern day has come from...

governments

40

What has been a large factor in the success of scientific research?

Collaboration

41

Why do teams of scientists share their research and work together?

To advance knowledge and understanding

42

True/False: 5 people have been continuously working on the Human Genome Project for years

False, it involved thousands of scientists from all over the world

43

The Human Genome project involved how many scientists, and from where?

Thousands, from all over the world

44

When was the NHS created?

1948

45

The NHS was created as a result of...

The Second World War and the Beveridge Report

46

Who was the NHS created by?

Aneurin Bevan - the Minister of Health

47

The NHS was described as a free health service from 'the...

'the cradle to the grave'

48

True/False: The NHS is a free health service

True

49

What was life like before the NHS?

Many people couldn't afford to see a doctor or go to the dentist

50

What was the impact of the NHS?

Millions of people could get millions of things for the first time in their lives

51

Give 2 examples of things that people can get free on the NHS

Any 2 from their eyes tested, glasses, false teeth, etc

52

Treatments have gotten better/worse over the last few decades

better

53

Why have treatments gotten better over the last few decades?

As a result of improved understanding of the causes of illness

54

What treatments are available for conditions including stem cells?

Genetic treatments

55

The NHS provides ____ medical care

free

56

What were the first treatments that could cure diseases by killing microbes?

Magic bullets

57

What was the first antibiotic to cure diseases and infection?

Penicillin

58

Give 2 examples of modern treatments

Any 2 from blood transfusions, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, etc

59

There have been huge improvements in surgery over the last few decades because of...

technological inventions and better medical knowledge

60

____ parts of the body in modern day can be transplanted

Many