Medicine in 18th and 19th Century Britain Flashcards Preview

GCSE History (Edexcel) - Medicine in Britain > Medicine in 18th and 19th Century Britain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medicine in 18th and 19th Century Britain Deck (83)
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1

What did Van Leeuwenhoek discover in the 1600s?

Tiny creatures called 'animalcules'

2

What did people think about Van Leeuwenhoek's discovery?

Nobody thought these could cause disease

3

Who was Louis Pasteur?

A french scientist

4

Louis Pasteur's theory was called the '____ Theory'

Germ

5

What did Louis Pasteur find out?

Found out that if he heated liquids it would kill germs

6

What kind of liquids did Louis Pasteur heat?

Alcoholic drinks and milk

7

What did Louis Pasteur's process of heating liquids become known as?

Pasteurisation

8

What did Louis Pasteur prove about silkworms?

They were killed by a disease spread by germs in the air

9

True/False: 'Germ Theory' was not very important

False, it was the biggest turning-point in the history of understanding the causes of disease

10

Was everyone's attitude towards Louis Pasteur's 'Germ Theory' positive?

No, some people thought it was crazy

11

What was Robert Koch inspired by?

Pasteur's 'Germ Theory'

12

What did Koch discover?

Bacteria that caused specific diseases such as anthrax, tuberculosis (TB) and cholera

13

True/False: Koch's discoveries prompted Pasteur to retire

False, they prompted Pasteur to do more experiments

14

What did Louis Pasteur discover vaccines for after Koch's discovery?

Chicken cholera and rabies

15

What did Koch and Pasteur's discoveries lead to?

Other scientists discovering the germs that caused many diseases (typhus, tetanus, meningitis, plague)

16

How important were Pasteur and Koch for scientific knowledge and understanding?

They were incredibly important to scientific knowledge and understanding - the effect of their discoveries and their influence was even more significant in the 20th Century

17

True/False: John Hunter and Thomas Sydenham's impact on physician's training was only short term and ended before the 18th century

False, physician's training continued to improve after the Renaissance

18

What did aspiring physicians have to join?

A royal college

19

Give an example of one of the Royal Colleges

The Royal College of Surgeons

20

What did training physicians have to do in the 1800s?

Sit an examination to gain their medical certificate

21

What was the General Medical Council?

Somethin gthat was set up to register all doctors

22

When was the General Medical Council set up?

1858

23

Give examples of the things doctors would do in their training during the 18th and 19th century

Go to university, learn anatomy, read medical books and do work experience in hospitals

24

True/False: Doctors' treatment for patients did not improve during the 18th and 19th century

True, it was still very similar to the treatments of the Medieval and Renaissance times

25

Who were 'quacks'?

Salesmen who falsely claimed their medicines could cure all sorts of illneses

26

What did 'quacks' sell?

'Patent medicines' and 'cure-alls'

27

What were 'patent medicines' and 'cure-alls' made from?

Lard, wax, soap, turpentine and spices

28

True/False: 'patent medicines' and 'cure-alls' had major medical benefits

False, had no medical benefit whatsoever

29

'patent medicines' and 'cure-alls' were very popular/unpopular

popular

30

True/False: During the 18th and 19th century, hospitals transitioned to being used more for medical treatment rather than being religious/spiritual places

True