The Medical Renaissance in England Flashcards Preview

GCSE History (Edexcel) - Medicine in Britain > The Medical Renaissance in England > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Medical Renaissance in England Deck (90)
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1

What does Medical Renaissance mean?

Re-birth

2

Why was the Medical Renaissance the rebirth of medicine?

The Catholic Church started to lose some of its power and educated people began to experiment and ask new questions particularly about the human body

3

What did educated people begin to take interest in in the Medical Renaissance?

Ideas of Ancient Greece and Rome

4

The Medical Renaissance is remembered for its art with famous artists such as ________ __ _____ and ____________

Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo

5

What technology was developed during the Medical Renaissance which allowed people to study tiny things?

The microscope

6

What did people study with microscopes?

Human cells, including sperm

7

True/False, the Medical Renaissance put an end to old beliefs about the causes of illness

False, lots of people still believed in causes of illness such as religious causes, miasma, astrology and the four humours

8

What did Leonardo Da Vinci Dissect?

Bodies

9

Leonardo Da Vinci discovered how the ___ worked

Eye

10

What did Leonardi Da Vinci draw?

Accurate pictures of the human body

11

Leonardo Da Vinci drew the first human ______

Embryo

12

Who were Leonardo Da Vinci's drawings used by?

Physicians and Surgeons

13

Why were Leonardo Da Vinci's drawings a huge improvement compared to Medieval drawings?

The Catholic Church had banned dissections in the Middle Ages - these new drawings were very important in developing medical knowledge

14

Who was Vesalius?

A Belgian who lived in Italy

15

What did Vesalius develop?

Knowledge of anatomy

16

Why were Vesalius' discoveries important?

Was very important in showing how Galen had made mistakes

17

Galen had only dissected _______ whilst Vesalius dissected the bodies of _______ _________

animals, hanging criminals

18

Galen said the heart was divided by a septum with holes in the middle so blood could pass through. Vesalius proved...

there were no holes in the heart

19

Galen said the human lower jaw was made of 2 bones. Vesalius proved...

it was only 1 bone

20

Galen said the liver was made of 5 parts. Vesalius proved...

it was not divided into parts

21

What book did Vesalius write?

Fabric of the Human Body

22

When was Fabric of the Human Body written?

1543

23

What did the Fabric of the Human Body contain?

Superb drawings by some of the best Renaissance artists

24

What did Vesalius write in the Fabric of the Human Body which angered the Catholic Church?

He showed both men and women have the same number of ribs

25

Why did what Vesalius wrote in the Fabric of the Human Body anger the Catholic Church?

It went against the Church's teachings that God had taken one of Adam's ribs to create Eve

26

Did the Fabric of the Human Body have a large impact?

Yes - his writings influenced physicians all over Europe

27

Who was Harvey?

An English doctor who studied in Italy

28

Who was Harvey the surgeon of?

James I and Charles I

29

True/False: Harvey studied in the same place as Vesalius in Italy

True

30

Galen said veins carried blood and air. Harvey proved...

veins only carried blood