Flashcards in The Medical Renaissance in England Deck (90)
What does Medical Renaissance mean?
Why was the Medical Renaissance the rebirth of medicine?
The Catholic Church started to lose some of its power and educated people began to experiment and ask new questions particularly about the human body
What did educated people begin to take interest in in the Medical Renaissance?
Ideas of Ancient Greece and Rome
The Medical Renaissance is remembered for its art with famous artists such as ________ __ _____ and ____________
Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo
What technology was developed during the Medical Renaissance which allowed people to study tiny things?
What did people study with microscopes?
Human cells, including sperm
True/False, the Medical Renaissance put an end to old beliefs about the causes of illness
False, lots of people still believed in causes of illness such as religious causes, miasma, astrology and the four humours
What did Leonardo Da Vinci Dissect?
Leonardo Da Vinci discovered how the ___ worked
What did Leonardi Da Vinci draw?
Accurate pictures of the human body
Leonardo Da Vinci drew the first human ______
Who were Leonardo Da Vinci's drawings used by?
Physicians and Surgeons
Why were Leonardo Da Vinci's drawings a huge improvement compared to Medieval drawings?
The Catholic Church had banned dissections in the Middle Ages - these new drawings were very important in developing medical knowledge
Who was Vesalius?
A Belgian who lived in Italy
What did Vesalius develop?
Knowledge of anatomy
Why were Vesalius' discoveries important?
Was very important in showing how Galen had made mistakes
Galen had only dissected _______ whilst Vesalius dissected the bodies of _______ _________
animals, hanging criminals
Galen said the heart was divided by a septum with holes in the middle so blood could pass through. Vesalius proved...
there were no holes in the heart
Galen said the human lower jaw was made of 2 bones. Vesalius proved...
it was only 1 bone
Galen said the liver was made of 5 parts. Vesalius proved...
it was not divided into parts
What book did Vesalius write?
Fabric of the Human Body
When was Fabric of the Human Body written?
What did the Fabric of the Human Body contain?
Superb drawings by some of the best Renaissance artists
What did Vesalius write in the Fabric of the Human Body which angered the Catholic Church?
He showed both men and women have the same number of ribs
Why did what Vesalius wrote in the Fabric of the Human Body anger the Catholic Church?
It went against the Church's teachings that God had taken one of Adam's ribs to create Eve
Did the Fabric of the Human Body have a large impact?
Yes - his writings influenced physicians all over Europe
Who was Harvey?
An English doctor who studied in Italy
Who was Harvey the surgeon of?
James I and Charles I
True/False: Harvey studied in the same place as Vesalius in Italy