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GCSE History (Edexcel) - Medicine in Britain > Medicine in Modern Britain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medicine in Modern Britain Deck (91)
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1

At the start of the 20th Century, it was understood that ________ caused common illnesses

microbes/germs

2

At the start of the 20th Century, doctors diagnosed patients by...

observing their symptoms

3

Today, what is increasingly used for diagnosis?

Laboratory medicine through testing of samples and scans

4

How did scientific development help the understanding of causes of illness?

Had identified how lifestyle can affect health

5

Give 2 examples of how lifestyle can affect health

Any 2 from exercise, healthy eating, alcohol, tobacco, etc

6

Give 3 examples of technological improvements in medical equipment which have helped understanding of causes of illness today

Any 3 from x-ray machines, scanning machines, nuclear medicine, blood tests, etc

7

What are the benefits of using laboratorymedicine to diagnose illness?

It is much more accurate and quick than ever before

8

When was DNA discovered

1950s

9

The discovery of DNA led to...

an understanding of how people's genes caused illnesses and diseases

10

The development of genetics had a major/minor impact on medicine

major

11

The development of genetics lead to the realisation that microbes...

do not cause all illnesses and diseases

12

The development of genetics lead to what discovery about the causes of illnesss and diseases?

Some babies are born with hereditary conditions passed on by their parents

13

In 1900, what did a German scientist called Mendel suggest?

That genes are inherited from parents

14

Why was Mendel's suggestion about genes being inherited from parents dismissed in 1900?

He lacked the technology to prove it

15

When was DNA discovered?

1953

16

What does DNA stand for?

Deoxyribonucleic acid

17

Who made the model of DNA in 1953?

Watson and Crick

18

Watson and Crick used photographs and x-rays taken by who when researching DNA?

Wilkins and Franklin

19

What piece of technology had improved which helped Watson and Crick make their model of DNA?

microscopes

20

Watson and Crick said that DNA was shaped a...

double helix

21

What did Watson and Crick say DNA could do?

'Unzip' itself to make copies

22

Watson and Crick said that by studying a person's DNA it could be used to identify what?

Parts that caused hereditary diseases

23

What does genome mean?

Complete set of DNA that contains all the genetic information to build a living thing

24

In a human genome there is more than _ billion DNA parts

3

25

With the Human Genome Project, scientists have mapped the human ______

genome

26

Why have scientists mapped the human genome with the Human Genome Project?

To find mistakes in the DNA of people who suffer hereditary diseases (such as haemophilia and certain types of breast cancer)

27

With the human genome project, scientists identified genes that cause...

Down's syndrome, Parkinson's disease and cystic fibrosis

28

Information found from the Human Genome Project is/is not able to treat diseases

Is not

29

Information found from the Human Genome Project helps find the _____ of diseases

Cause

30

If the cause of a disease is identified it may enable ways to...

prevent the disease from developing