Medicine in Medieval England Flashcards Preview

GCSE History (Edexcel) - Medicine in Britain > Medicine in Medieval England > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medicine in Medieval England Deck (84)
Loading flashcards...
1

What were the religious beliefs towards illness in Medieval England?

Illness was punishment for sins

2

Why did many people believe that illness was caused by God or the Devil in Medieval England?

Because the Catholic Church was so powerful

3

What did many Doctors consult when diagnosing illness in Medieval England?

Star charts

4

Why did Doctors consult star charts in Medieval England?

Believed that constellations of stars/movement of planets could affect a person's health

5

Miasma

The idea that bad smells were breathed in and made people ill

6

What was miasma caused by?

Poisonous vapours in the air

7

Theory of the Four _______

Humours

8

Name 3 of the four humours

Any 3 from blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile

9

In the name the four humours, what is meant by the world "humours"?

Liquids

10

The theory of the four humours was an Ancient _____ belief

Greek

11

What did the theory of the four humours mean?

If the four humours were out of balance, this would make someone ill

12

What was yellow bile?

Vomit

13

What was black bile?

Probably blood in vomit

14

What were the religious treatments in Medieval England?

Praying and going on a pilgrimage to a religious shrine

15

Why did lots of ill people pray in Medieval England?

They believed it would show God that they were sorry for their sins and should not be punished

16

True/False: Doctors consulted zodiac charts when deciding how to treat a patient

True, they would decide how to treat, or not to treat, certain parts of the body based on the positions of stars and planets

17

Why did people in Medieval England try to avoid bad smells?

Because of the theory of miasma.

18

How would people in Medieval England try and avoid bad smells?

By holding something like a posy of flowers or a cloth containing herbs in front of their face so the nice smell prevented the bad smell from being breathed in

19

What was the Theory of Opposites?

A theory that stated if a body's humours were out of balance then an 'opposite' treatment would make them better

20

Who made the theory of opposites?

Galen, he had written a book in Ancient Roman times

21

According to the Theory of Opposites, what should someone do if they have a runny nose/cold?

They should eat something such as pepper - as hot and spicy food makes people's noses run they thought this was removing excess phlegm therefore getting back into 'balance'

22

Give 3 of the four main types of medicine in Medieval England.

Any 3 from warming, cooling, moistening and drying

23

Where did lots of medical knowledge in Medieval England come from?

Ancient Greek books by Hippocrates and Galen

24

Why did people take urine samples in Medieval England?

To examine the urine when it was warm and cold, smell it and check it against a urine chart

25

What kind of things did people observe when trying to diagnose patients in Medieval England?

Take urine samples, examine blood, take patient's pulse and examine someone's excrement

26

True/False: the theory of opposites was not used to treat patients in Medieval England.

False

27

What "v___ m____" was the name for books that were used to treat patients in Medieval England?

vane mecum

28

Did vane mecum contain urine charts?

Yes

29

Did vane mecum contain zodiac charts?

Yes

30

What treatment included in vane mecum consisten of use of leeches?

Bleeding to reduce excess or 'bad' blood. This was very common. Sometimes, instead of a leech, a vein would be cut and the blood collected in a bowl