Flashcards in Medicine in Medieval England Deck (84)
What were the religious beliefs towards illness in Medieval England?
Illness was punishment for sins
Why did many people believe that illness was caused by God or the Devil in Medieval England?
Because the Catholic Church was so powerful
What did many Doctors consult when diagnosing illness in Medieval England?
Why did Doctors consult star charts in Medieval England?
Believed that constellations of stars/movement of planets could affect a person's health
The idea that bad smells were breathed in and made people ill
What was miasma caused by?
Poisonous vapours in the air
Theory of the Four _______
Name 3 of the four humours
Any 3 from blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile
In the name the four humours, what is meant by the world "humours"?
The theory of the four humours was an Ancient _____ belief
What did the theory of the four humours mean?
If the four humours were out of balance, this would make someone ill
What was yellow bile?
What was black bile?
Probably blood in vomit
What were the religious treatments in Medieval England?
Praying and going on a pilgrimage to a religious shrine
Why did lots of ill people pray in Medieval England?
They believed it would show God that they were sorry for their sins and should not be punished
True/False: Doctors consulted zodiac charts when deciding how to treat a patient
True, they would decide how to treat, or not to treat, certain parts of the body based on the positions of stars and planets
Why did people in Medieval England try to avoid bad smells?
Because of the theory of miasma.
How would people in Medieval England try and avoid bad smells?
By holding something like a posy of flowers or a cloth containing herbs in front of their face so the nice smell prevented the bad smell from being breathed in
What was the Theory of Opposites?
A theory that stated if a body's humours were out of balance then an 'opposite' treatment would make them better
Who made the theory of opposites?
Galen, he had written a book in Ancient Roman times
According to the Theory of Opposites, what should someone do if they have a runny nose/cold?
They should eat something such as pepper - as hot and spicy food makes people's noses run they thought this was removing excess phlegm therefore getting back into 'balance'
Give 3 of the four main types of medicine in Medieval England.
Any 3 from warming, cooling, moistening and drying
Where did lots of medical knowledge in Medieval England come from?
Ancient Greek books by Hippocrates and Galen
Why did people take urine samples in Medieval England?
To examine the urine when it was warm and cold, smell it and check it against a urine chart
What kind of things did people observe when trying to diagnose patients in Medieval England?
Take urine samples, examine blood, take patient's pulse and examine someone's excrement
True/False: the theory of opposites was not used to treat patients in Medieval England.
What "v___ m____" was the name for books that were used to treat patients in Medieval England?
Did vane mecum contain urine charts?
Did vane mecum contain zodiac charts?