Islam Flashcards Preview

Grade 11 World Religions > Islam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Islam Deck (77)
Loading flashcards...

Define: Muslim

a believer in Islam


Define: Polytheist

A believer in more than one God


Define: Allah

Arabic word for God; Muslims worship the same God as Christians and Jews, but some of the revelations are interpreted differently. The word "Allah" is a unique word because it is genderless


Define: Bedouin

a nomadic or wandering tribesperson of the Arabian, Syrian, or North African deserts


Define: Hijra

Arabic word meaning "migration"


Define: Hajj

Arabic word meaning "pilgrimage"; the pilgrimage to Mecca that Muslims are asked to make at least once in their lifetime, if they are healthy and can afford it


Define: Shi'ite

Muslims who believe that leadership of the Muslim community should be passed down through the direct descendants of the Prophet. Shi'ites form the majority of the population in Iraq and Iran


Define: Sunni

Muslims who believe that community leaders do not have to be descended from the Prophet. The name Sunni comes from Sunna. Sunnis make up the majority of the world's Muslim population.


What is the Sunna?

It is a collection of the words, actions, and practices of Mohammad, as taken down and transmitted by his inner circle of family and friends.


Define: Mosque

a place where Muslims gather for group worship


Define: Imam

A Muslim leader of prayer and giver of sermons in the Mosque


Define: Zakat

the Muslim obligation to pay 2.5% of one's wealth to the needy


Define: Umma

the Muslim community


Define: Sufi

Muslim who uses mysticism to gain a special understanding of Allah that goes beyond rational thought. Sufis can be Sunni or Shi'ite


Define: Patriarchal society

society in which women are defined by their relationships to men (father, husband, uncle, brother, or son)


Define: Hijab

Arabic word for "cover"; a scarf that covers most if not all of a woman's hair


Define: Halal

Permissible, usually refers to foods that are allowed


Define: Nasheeds

music that is traditionally sung a cappella, accompanied only by the beat of a large drum; Nasheeds often consist of religious stories and recitations of the Qur'an


Define: Khalifa

The Muslim duty of stewardship that lies at the heart of Muslim ecological ethics; although Khalifa refers to other areas of responsibility, it is used to make a point that certain destructive environmental actions such as polluting water and wantonly killing animals, are forbidden and the environment in part, since many come from desert regions where conservation is of ultimate importance, particularly of water. Echoing contemporary ecological ethics, Abousaleh said, "Islam teaches we're set to take care of the Earth"


What are the statistics of Islam?

~Among the fastest growing groups in Canada, mostly coming from new immigrants
~ Less than half of the 650 000 Canadian Muslims were born here
~Most Canadian Muslims live in urban centres ex. GTA
~61% of Canadian Muslims live in Ontario
~Many Muslims feel that the media negatively portrays their faith since 9/11


Why did the Five Pillars start?

~As Islam spread to other nations, Muslim theologians wanted to ensure that new converts understood how to perform the rituals by which Muslims express their faith and identify themselves as Muslims
~These rituals are the Five Pillars and they are the main ritual acts of the Muslim faith
~They describe in practical terms how Muslims are to worship, or what it means to be a Muslim
~The aim is to help believers to state in word and in action that they are members of the Muslim community


What is the First of the Five Pillars?

In Muslim it is "Shahadah". In English it is "Creed"
~The Muslims profession of faith; "There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah"
~The underlying belief of Islam. There is only one God; no one and nothing should be worshipped but Allah; for Muslims, Muhammad is the final Messenger of God
~The Shahadah is the sign of belonging to the Muslim community. A person need only to say it aloud before two witnesses to be legally considered a Muslim


What is the Second of the Five Pillars?

In Muslim it is "Salat". In English it is "Prayer"
~The ritual prayer of praise and adoration of God that Muslims are required to say five times a day
~Involves both quiet verbal prayer and gestures
~Whenever possible, Muslims try to attend a place of worship for their prayers. But prayer can take place at home, at work, or anywhere, as long as the place is clean
~Many Muslim travellers and workers carry a prayer mat for such purposes
~On Fridays, Muslims attend mosque for prayer
~As well as praying five times daily at specified times and with others at the mosque, Muslims can also pray privately throughout the day


What is du'a?

Private prayer throughout the day aside from prayer at the mosque and the five times daily


What is the Third of the Five Pillars?

In Muslims "Zakat". In English "Almsgiving"
~Asks believers to give to those in need
~Muslims with a certain amount of money or goods have to donate some of their savings, after debt, to the needy, to build mosques or to similar causes


What is the Fourth of the Five Pillars?

In Muslim "Sawn" in English "Fasting"
~occurs during Ramadan
~Marks beginning of Qur'an which encourages people to spend more time reading the Qur'an and praying
~During daylight hours of Ramadan, Muslims abstains from food, water, evil thoughts and other indulgences (the sick, the elderly, pregnant women and children may be excused).
~During the evenings, families/ friends gather and break the fast with food and merriment
~Ends with the 3 Day Feast of Eid al-Fitr (The Festival of Breaking the Fast) marked by special family meals and gift giving


What is Ramadan?

the month in which Muhammad received the divine message of Allah


What is the Fifth of the Five Pillars?

In Muslim "Hajj" in English "Pilgrimage"
~required only once in a lifetime: a pilgrimage (called hajj) to the Kaaba in Mecca
~ Only those Muslims who can afford to make the pilgrimage without causing hardships to their dependants or whose health allows are expected to do so
~Hajj is the supreme experience for Muslims
~Those who have made the pilgrimage may add “hajj” to their names
~hajj is the largest annual pilgrimage in the world.
~Filled with symbolic rituals that recall events from the time of Abraham, and Muhammad
~ Hajj is seen as a time when Muslims should particularly strive to live honest and holy lives and to focus their minds on Allah
~ Through the hajj, Muslims strengthen their sense of unity with God, with their religious heritage, and with other Muslims
~ Faithfulness to the Five Pillar reveals a Muslim’s devotion to God
~ Each pillar is a form of worship and each pillar reminds believers what it means to surrender to God.


Explain Pilgrimage Clothing

~ On their way to Mecca, pilgrims must put on special clothing called ihram
~ Men are expected to wear two seamless garments made from white cloth. Women wear clothes that conceal their bodies and hair, leaving their hands and faces uncovered.
~ Ihram has two aims: to emphasize equality and to remind pilgrims that in death they will leave behind all material things.


Explain The Kaaba

~ At the heart of hajj is the Kaaba, the cube-shaped shrine in the center of the great Mosque in Mecca
~ The Kaaba is the holiest place for Muslims
~ On entering the great Mosque pilgrims circle the Kaaba seven times, to symbolize the seven times that Ibrahim circled it.