Flashcards in Hinduism Deck (80)
What is puja?
Hindu worship ceremony
What are deities?
Images of the God in many forms
What are the Vedas?
Early sacred scriptures of Hinduism
What is Sanskrit?
the language of ancient India
What are the Upanishads?
sacred scriptures, the final dialogue ending the Vedas. Upanishad literally means "sitting beside" a guru.
What is a Murti?
Image of a Hindu deity
What is a Mandir?
A Hindu temple
What is a Mantra?
sacred sounds, words, or phrases, repeated in ritual
What is a guru?
a wise teacher
What is Moksha?
Freedom or liberation from samsara, or the cycle of rebirth
What is Karma?
The law of cause and effect, of one's actions having an impact on one's future life.
What is Dharma?
One's personal code of conduct relating to family and society; one's duty
What is Brahman?
The supreme cosmic force
What is Atman?
the true self
What is Maya?
illusion. Makes humans sense and see things as separate from each other and they do not see the divine oneness (Brahman) of all things
What is Ahimsa?
The principle of non-violence
What is Caste?
A traditional Hindu social level or class
What are untouchables?
In the traditional Hindu social levels, the lowest outsider class
What is an Ascetic?
Someone who practices severe self-discipline or abstains from physical pleasures for religious purposes
What is Ramayana?
A Hindu epic about Prince Rama and Sita
What is Bhagavad Gita?
A sacred Hindu story about Prince Arjuna and Krishna
What is an avatar?
a deity who has descended into the world in Earthly form
What is yoga?
Hindu path (or discipline) to liberation
Create a sentence that includes the words: Dharma, Karma, Samsara and Moksha
One must follow their Dharma to have good karma, to escape Samsara to reach Moksha
What are the statistics on Hinduism's ranking in Canada?
~Hinduism is Canada's fourth most followed religion
~More than 70% of Canadian Hindus were born elsewhere
~Canadian Hindu population was just under 1% (2001)
What are the statistics on Hinduism's ranking in the world?
~Over 900 million Hindus worldwide
~most live in India and 80% of India's population is Hindu
~Large numbers of people who follow Hinduism are in Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Beyond
What are the characteristics of Hinduism that makes it different from other religions?
~No formal authority
~No formal "church"
~No doctrines or founder
How many Gods does Hinduism have?
What were the three time periods that Hinduism evolved over?
1. Pre-Vedic Period
2. Vedic Period
3. Upanishadic Period