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Grade 11 World Religions > Hinduism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hinduism Deck (80)
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1

What is puja?

Hindu worship ceremony

2

What are deities?

Images of the God in many forms

3

What are the Vedas?

Early sacred scriptures of Hinduism

4

What is Sanskrit?

the language of ancient India

5

What are the Upanishads?

sacred scriptures, the final dialogue ending the Vedas. Upanishad literally means "sitting beside" a guru.

6

What is a Murti?

Image of a Hindu deity

7

What is a Mandir?

A Hindu temple

8

What is a Mantra?

sacred sounds, words, or phrases, repeated in ritual

9

What is a guru?

a wise teacher

10

What is Moksha?

Freedom or liberation from samsara, or the cycle of rebirth

11

What is Karma?

The law of cause and effect, of one's actions having an impact on one's future life.

12

What is Dharma?

One's personal code of conduct relating to family and society; one's duty

13

What is Brahman?

The supreme cosmic force

14

What is Atman?

the true self

15

What is Maya?

illusion. Makes humans sense and see things as separate from each other and they do not see the divine oneness (Brahman) of all things

16

What is Ahimsa?

The principle of non-violence

17

What is Caste?

A traditional Hindu social level or class

18

What are untouchables?

In the traditional Hindu social levels, the lowest outsider class

19

What is an Ascetic?

Someone who practices severe self-discipline or abstains from physical pleasures for religious purposes

20

What is Ramayana?

A Hindu epic about Prince Rama and Sita

21

What is Bhagavad Gita?

A sacred Hindu story about Prince Arjuna and Krishna

22

What is an avatar?

a deity who has descended into the world in Earthly form

23

What is yoga?

Hindu path (or discipline) to liberation

24

Create a sentence that includes the words: Dharma, Karma, Samsara and Moksha

One must follow their Dharma to have good karma, to escape Samsara to reach Moksha

25

What are the statistics on Hinduism's ranking in Canada?

~Hinduism is Canada's fourth most followed religion
~More than 70% of Canadian Hindus were born elsewhere
~Canadian Hindu population was just under 1% (2001)

26

What are the statistics on Hinduism's ranking in the world?

~Over 900 million Hindus worldwide
~most live in India and 80% of India's population is Hindu
~Large numbers of people who follow Hinduism are in Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Beyond

27

What are the characteristics of Hinduism that makes it different from other religions?

~No formal authority
~No formal "church"
~No doctrines or founder

28

How many Gods does Hinduism have?

33 Million

29

What were the three time periods that Hinduism evolved over?

1. Pre-Vedic Period
2. Vedic Period
3. Upanishadic Period

30

What was the Pre-Vedic Period? When was it?

2500 to 1500 BCE
~There are many questions about the Indus Valley civilization but we do know this:
-Most of the people lived in cities--cities that were impressively complex, built with bricks, and that included sophisticated drainage and sewage systems
-it was a matriarchal society--one in which women, especially mothers, took a leading role
-people worshiped a mother goddess--whom some later Hindu deities resemble

Scholars believe that later Hindu deities evolved from goddess images of this period