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Flashcards in Intro. to Soc. Sci Deck (28)
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1

Retribution Argument

Those who deliberately kill another person have lost the right to live.

2

Correlational Technique

Studying and measuring the association between two sets of events.

3

Hypothesis

A statement that creates a starting point to a researcher's investigation and states what will be tested.

4

Social Science Inquiry Model

1. Identify a question
2. Develop a hypothesis
3. Gather data
4. Analyze the data
5. Draw a conclusion
6. Prepare a solution

5

Psychology

Study of human behaviour and mental processes

6

Open Question

a question with multiple answers and opinions.

7

Social Sciences

Those that study human behaviour

8

Unstructured Observation

Studying people without a predetermined idea of what to look for to allow new ideas.

9

Analyse Data

4th step in social science inquiry, once you have collected data, you analyze it to come to a conclusion about your inquiry.

10

Closed Question

a question with set answers

11

Deterrent

Something that sets an example, a punishment so harsh that it will discourage other people from committing the crime.

12

structured observation

Observation technique that involves planning beforehand what will be observed and noted, and keeping a list of what to look for.

13

Content Analysis

The analysis content or data that already exists.

14

Historical Analysis

The analysis of census data, letters, diaries, pictures and media from the past. (Used by historians and sociologists)

15

Gather Data

3rd step in social science inquiry, gathering the necessary data to conduct your investigation.

16

anthropology

Study of human beings as a species and as members of culture.

17

conclusion

Create a conclusion for your inquiry, explaining what proved to be right/wrong from your hypothesis etc.

18

Case Study

The observation of an individual, situation or group over a period of time.

19

Sociology

Study of people in groups

20

Sample Survey

Used to obtain information about the thoughts or behaviour of a large group.

21

Experiment

Tests a change to determine how one factor is related to another.

22

Interview

Used when a researcher requires detailed information from a few people and is looking for explanations or descriptions of thought and behaviour.

23

Participant Observation

Observation technique where he researcher not only observes the group but also participates in the group's activities. (Used mainly by anthropologists)

24

Montreal Incident

Girl seen lying motionless on floor near Teleservices Canada, supervisor told employees not to call 911 (said it was probably nothing), one employee did call 911 after 3 hours, girl was in a coma after being severely beaten

25

Allistion Honda Plant

Employees suffered from high stress levels, lead to absenteeism etc. To fix this issue, social scientists recommended the Neo-Fordism theory (working as a group), employees took more pride in making the cars, less mistakes were made etc., ultimately solved the initial problems within the company

26

Death Penalty

If you kill another person, you are sentenced to death, a deterrent to stop people from committing the crime

27

Independent, dependent and intervening variables

Independent - the variable whose effect is being studied (controlled factor)

Dependent - what is being measured or being changed in response to manipulating the independent variable

Intervening - variables that cannot be predicted but they do affect/interfere with your study

28

Gender roles

Social norms applicable to the expected behaviours of men and women.

- Believed to be internalized at a very young age
- Product of the family agent of primary socialization.