Concerned with behaviours and not mental processes.
A behaviourist who studied how the use of rewards and punishment can influence behaviour. (Operant conditioning)
The Skinner Box - the rat learns that the reward for pushing the lever is food
A behaviourist known for his work in classical conditioning.
A type of learning where a once neutral stimulus comes to produce a particular response after paring with a conditioned stimulus.
A type of learning that uses rewards and punishment to achieve a desired behaviour.
The variable that is being measured in an experiment.
(i.e. in a study on the effects of tutoring on test scores, the dependent variable would be the participants test scores.)
The characteristic of an experiment that is manipulated or changed.
(i.e. in an experiment looking at the effects of studying on test scores, studying would be the independent variable.)
Involved in speaking and planning actions.
Contains important sensory centres.
Contains centres of hearing and memory.
Contains centres of vision and reading ability.
Regulates balance, posture, movement, and muscle coordination.
Motor and sensory pathway to body and face. Vital centres: cardiac, respiratory and vasomotor.
Controls automatic functions (i.e. breathing, heartbeat, etc.)
A gland that creates hormones.
The part of the brainstem that joins the hemisphere of the cerebrum with the cerebellum. (Located just above the medulla oblongata)
A thick bundle of nerve fibres that runs from the base of the brain to the hip area, running through the spine. (Located just below the brainstem.)
One brain or two? (Significance?)
A term referring to the psychological theories that explain behaviour in terms of unconscious dynamics within the individual. (i.e inner conflicts)
Where information that we are not aware of is processed.
- It holds unacceptable thoughts, feelings and memories according to Freud.
- It includes patterns of memories, instincts and experiences common to all according to Jung.
An approach to psychology that emphasizes mental processes in perception, memory, language, problem solving and other areas of behaviour.
An approach to psychology that emphasizes bodily events and changed associated with actions, feelings and thoughts.
An approach to psychology that emphasizes social and cultural influences on behaviour.