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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (102)
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1

Shane's roommates were surprised when they found him walking around the kitchen at 3 in the morning trying to make breakfast, especially since he was still asleep! Shane MOST likely suffers from _____.

somnambulism

2

__________ allows us to integrate past, present, and future behavior, guide future actions, and maintain a stable sense of self

Consciousness

3

__________ is your immediate awareness of your internal states—your thoughts, sensations, memories—and the external world around you

Consciousness

4

when we simply don’t notice some significant object or event that is in our clear field of vision

inattentional blindness

5

the cocktail party effect is an example of __________ __________

selective attention

6

________ _________ refers to not noticing when something changes, such as when a friend gets a haircut or shaves his beard

change blindness

7

For example, listening to the radio (_______) interferes less with driving (_______) than would a second visual task

auditory; visual

8

When _______ is divided among different tasks, each task receives less _______ than it would normally

attention

9

"The subjective experience of consciousness has a sense of continuity"

- William James

10

________ _________ refers to a biological or psychological process that systematically varies over the course of each day

Circadian Rhythm

11

tiny cluster of neurons in the hypothalamus in the brain called

suprachiasmatic nucleus

12

the function of the suprachiasmatic nucleus is to control your

circadian rhythm

13

hormone which induces sleep

melatonin

14

Shortly before sunrise, the pineal gland all but stops producing ________, and you soon wake up. As the sun rises, exposure to sunlight and other bright light suppresses _________ levels, and they remain very low throughout the day

melatonin

15

Awake and reasonably alert as you prepare for bed, your brain generates small, fast brain waves, called

beta brain waves

16

Your brain’s electrical activity gradually gears down, generating slightly larger and slower

alpha brain waves

17

Quiet, typically dreamless sleep

NREM sleep

18

Type of sleep during which rapid eye movements and dreaming usually occur and voluntary muscle activity is suppressed

REM sleep

19

During stage __ NREM, you can quickly regain conscious alertness if needed

1

20

Breathing becomes rhythmical. Slight muscle twitches may occur. Theta waves are predominant in stage __, but larger, slower brain waves, called delta brain waves, also begin to emerge.

2

21

When delta brain waves represent more than 20 percent of total brain activity, the sleeper is said to be in stage __ NREM

3

22

When delta brain waves exceed 50 percent of total brain activity, the sleeper is said to be in stage __ NREM.

4

23

Dreams usually occur during ____ sleep

REM

24

REM sleep lasts about __ to __ minutes

5 - 15

25

Typical __ minute sleep schedule alternating between REM and NREM

90

26

Formed during NREM sleep, _______ memories are are personally experienced events

episodic

27

Formed during REM and stage 2 NREM, __________ memories involve learning a new skill or task until it can be formed automatically

procedural

28

episodes of sleep lasting only a few seconds that occur during wakefulness

microsleeps

29

A phenomenon in which a person who is deprived of REM sleep greatly increases the amount of time spent in REM sleep at the first opportunity to sleep without interruption.

REM rebound

30

A category of sleep disorders involving disruptions in the amount, quality, or timing of sleep; includes insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and narcolepsy.

dyssomnias