Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (102)
Shane's roommates were surprised when they found him walking around the kitchen at 3 in the morning trying to make breakfast, especially since he was still asleep! Shane MOST likely suffers from _____.
__________ allows us to integrate past, present, and future behavior, guide future actions, and maintain a stable sense of self
__________ is your immediate awareness of your internal states—your thoughts, sensations, memories—and the external world around you
when we simply don’t notice some significant object or event that is in our clear field of vision
the cocktail party effect is an example of __________ __________
________ _________ refers to not noticing when something changes, such as when a friend gets a haircut or shaves his beard
For example, listening to the radio (_______) interferes less with driving (_______) than would a second visual task
When _______ is divided among different tasks, each task receives less _______ than it would normally
"The subjective experience of consciousness has a sense of continuity"
- William James
________ _________ refers to a biological or psychological process that systematically varies over the course of each day
tiny cluster of neurons in the hypothalamus in the brain called
the function of the suprachiasmatic nucleus is to control your
hormone which induces sleep
Shortly before sunrise, the pineal gland all but stops producing ________, and you soon wake up. As the sun rises, exposure to sunlight and other bright light suppresses _________ levels, and they remain very low throughout the day
Awake and reasonably alert as you prepare for bed, your brain generates small, fast brain waves, called
beta brain waves
Your brain’s electrical activity gradually gears down, generating slightly larger and slower
alpha brain waves
Quiet, typically dreamless sleep
Type of sleep during which rapid eye movements and dreaming usually occur and voluntary muscle activity is suppressed
During stage __ NREM, you can quickly regain conscious alertness if needed
Breathing becomes rhythmical. Slight muscle twitches may occur. Theta waves are predominant in stage __, but larger, slower brain waves, called delta brain waves, also begin to emerge.
When delta brain waves represent more than 20 percent of total brain activity, the sleeper is said to be in stage __ NREM
When delta brain waves exceed 50 percent of total brain activity, the sleeper is said to be in stage __ NREM.
Dreams usually occur during ____ sleep
REM sleep lasts about __ to __ minutes
5 - 15
Typical __ minute sleep schedule alternating between REM and NREM
Formed during NREM sleep, _______ memories are are personally experienced events
Formed during REM and stage 2 NREM, __________ memories involve learning a new skill or task until it can be formed automatically
episodes of sleep lasting only a few seconds that occur during wakefulness
A phenomenon in which a person who is deprived of REM sleep greatly increases the amount of time spent in REM sleep at the first opportunity to sleep without interruption.