Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (69)
A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect and formal status of legislation; a formal order issued by they president ordering someone on the lower executive branch to perform a certain action
The president's constitutional power to turn down acts of Congress
How many votes are needed to override a presidential veto?
2/3 vote of each house of Congress
Presidential power to grant reprieves, pardons, and amnesties
All agencies that fall under the cabinet structure (ex: FEMA, IRS) Depts., bureaus, or independent agencies whose primary mission is to impose limits, restrictions, or other obligations on the conduct of individuals or companies in the private sector.
Power of the president to not spend the money appropriated by Congress
The system of practice of rewarding loyal supporters of the winning candidates and party with appointive public offices (practice where the suck ups gets the hook up for jobs cause they know people?s what Ms. Davis said)
EXTRA CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS:
a. commander & chief (armed forces)
b. power of pardon (does not need congress checks and balances)
c. * in Art. 1..veto
a. executive order:
b. executive agreement:
EXTRA CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS
order by pres ordering someone on lower executive branch to do something
formal agreement that president enters into and has force and effect of international law
concerns bills passed in last 10 days of legislative session,bills are said to be "dead" if president does nothing
presidential pocket VETO
money not spent from a budget
money spent over budget
[executive order] (pearl harbor) korematsu arrested & sent off to internment camp, SC said it was ok because it did not exceed article II, and affected national security.
Korematsu V. U.S.
The permanent agencies the perform defined management tasks for the president
Executive office of the President (EOP)
Most important and largest EOP agency
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
Most important non-contributory program until 1996; federal assistance program that provided financial assistance to children of single parents or whose families had low or no income
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)
An institution established in 1944 that provides loans and facilities international monetary exchange. It was set up to provide for the short-term flow of money
International Monetary Fund
Social programs where we pay into it by taxation or mandatory contributions; for example: social security
Type of security that is global and focused, ex: UN
The period of struggle between the United Sates and the former Soviet Union between the late 1940s and about 1990. They kept scaring each other with nuclear weapons
Amendment that deals with succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, as well as responding to Presidential disabilities
A program created in 1974 to provide benefits for the aged, blind, and the disabled, and provides uniform minimum benefits across the entire nation. It was created to rectify the disparities in levels of old-age benefits.
Supplemental security income (SSI)
The willingness to strike first in order to prevent an enemy attack
Resolution of both chambers of Congress given to Pres. Lyndon Johnson to do whatever he wanted in respect to the Vietnamese war (gave him a blank check)
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Agency that prepares the national budget, designs the president's program, reports on agency activities, and oversees regulatory proposals.
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
Also known as the Recovery Act, this redistributes the funds in 3 ways in response to save and create jobs almost immediately.
American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (2009)