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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (69)
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1

A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect and formal status of legislation; a formal order issued by they president ordering someone on the lower executive branch to perform a certain action

Executive order

2

The president's constitutional power to turn down acts of Congress

Presidential veto

3

How many votes are needed to override a presidential veto?

2/3 vote of each house of Congress

4

Presidential power to grant reprieves, pardons, and amnesties

Presidential pardon

5

All agencies that fall under the cabinet structure (ex: FEMA, IRS) Depts., bureaus, or independent agencies whose primary mission is to impose limits, restrictions, or other obligations on the conduct of individuals or companies in the private sector.

Regulatory agencies

6

Power of the president to not spend the money appropriated by Congress

Impoundment

7

The system of practice of rewarding loyal supporters of the winning candidates and party with appointive public offices (practice where the suck ups gets the hook up for jobs cause they know people?s what Ms. Davis said)

Spoils system

8

includes the
CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS:

EXTRA CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS:

Article II

9

a. commander & chief (armed forces)
b. power of pardon (does not need congress checks and balances)
c. * in Art. 1..veto

CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS

10

a. executive order:
b. executive agreement:
c. impoundment:

EXTRA CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS

11

order by pres ordering someone on lower executive branch to do something

executive order:

12

formal agreement that president enters into and has force and effect of international law

executive agreement:

13

concerns bills passed in last 10 days of legislative session,bills are said to be "dead" if president does nothing

presidential pocket VETO

13

money not spent from a budget

surplus

14

money spent over budget

deficit

15

[executive order] (pearl harbor) korematsu arrested & sent off to internment camp, SC said it was ok because it did not exceed article II, and affected national security.

Korematsu V. U.S.

16

The permanent agencies the perform defined management tasks for the president

Executive office of the President (EOP)

17

Most important and largest EOP agency

Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

18

Most important non-contributory program until 1996; federal assistance program that provided financial assistance to children of single parents or whose families had low or no income

Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)

19

An institution established in 1944 that provides loans and facilities international monetary exchange. It was set up to provide for the short-term flow of money

International Monetary Fund

20

Social programs where we pay into it by taxation or mandatory contributions; for example: social security

Contributory programs

21

Type of security that is global and focused, ex: UN

Collective security

22

The period of struggle between the United Sates and the former Soviet Union between the late 1940s and about 1990. They kept scaring each other with nuclear weapons

Cold War

23

Amendment that deals with succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, as well as responding to Presidential disabilities

25th amendment

24

A program created in 1974 to provide benefits for the aged, blind, and the disabled, and provides uniform minimum benefits across the entire nation. It was created to rectify the disparities in levels of old-age benefits.

Supplemental security income (SSI)

25

The willingness to strike first in order to prevent an enemy attack

Preemption

26

Resolution of both chambers of Congress given to Pres. Lyndon Johnson to do whatever he wanted in respect to the Vietnamese war (gave him a blank check)

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

27

Agency that prepares the national budget, designs the president's program, reports on agency activities, and oversees regulatory proposals.

Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

28

Also known as the Recovery Act, this redistributes the funds in 3 ways in response to save and create jobs almost immediately.

American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (2009)

29

Independent agency that is the head of the federal reserve system which is the central banking system of the US

Federal reserve board (the Fed)