Chapter 1 terms Flashcards Preview

Political Science II > Chapter 1 terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 terms Deck (23)
Loading flashcards...
1

Democracy

A system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election key of public officials

2

Constitutional government

A system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers of the government

3

Authoritarian government

A system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other social institutions

4

Totalitarian government

A system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limit on its power and seek to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that might challenge it

5

Politics

Conflict over the leadership, structure, and policies of governments

6

Power

Influence over a government's leadership, organization, or policies

7

Representative democracy/republic

A system of government in which the populace selects representatives, who play a significant role in governmental decision making

8

Direct democracy

A system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on laws and policies

9

Pluralism

The theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government. The outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation

10

Political culture

Broadly shared values, beliefs, and attitudes about how the government should function

11

American political culture

Emphasizes the values of liberty, equality, and democracy

12

Political efficacy

The ability to influence government and politics

13

Citizenship

Informed and active membership in a political community

14

Government

Institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled

15

Autocracy

A form of government in which a single individual — a king, queen, or dictator — rules

16

Oligarchy

A form of government in which a small group—landowners, military officers, or wealthy merchants—controls most of the governing decisions

17

Liberty

Freedom from governmental control

18

Limited government

A principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution

19

Laissez-faire capitalism

An economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated for profit with minimal or no government interference

20

Equality of opportunity

A widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential

21

Political equality

The right to participate in politics equally, based on the principle of "one person, one vote"

22

Popular sovereignty

A principle of democracy in which political authority rests ultimately in the hands of the people

23

Majority rule, minority rights

The democratic principle that a government follows the preferences of the majority of voters but protects the interest of the minority