Flashcards in 1st exam notes Deck (49)
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Who said "man is endowed by His creator?"
What is the 1st written constitution?
Articles of Confederation
Which amendment provided a route for newly emancipated blacks to go after states?
What is in Amendment 14?
1. Due process clause (fundamental fairness)
2. Equal protection
3. Privileges and immunities
Jim Crow laws
Separated out the races; segregated facilities, etc.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) importance
Established separate but equal; Ferguson won because he argued that the separation was to keep public peace; it was rational
Test used by the court when they are looking at the constitutionality of laws; must be deemed rational
Sweatt v. Painter (1950) importance
For the first time, the SC upheld the equality portion of the separate but equal doctrine
Latin for "let the decision stand"; precedent case guides other cases
Represented Sweatt; head of NAACP; 1st black associate justice
Brown v. Board of Education (1954) importance
Desegregated public schools because segregation itself is unequal ; SC abandoned stare decisis (Plessy v. Ferguson)
Swann v. CMISD (1971)
1st time SC approved busing to encourage desegregation
What does the Articles of Confederation focus on?
Loose alliance of states; power rests on states
4 major problems of A.o.C
Currency, taxation, foreign policy and infrastructure
What do federalists want?
Stronger national government, take power away from states
What do antifederalists want?
When was the constitution ratified?
3 branches of government
Legislative, executive, and judicial
4 features of the constitution
2. Ideological statement and belief and values
3. Power map (article 1, 2, 3 = leg, ex, jud)
4. Bill of rights and article 4 = amendatory article
What resulted from the case Marbury v. Madison?
Established the power of judicial review
Judiciary act of 1789
Created the basic backbone structure of one of the lower federal court systems
Ability of a court to hear a certain case
Hear issues of fact; district courts
Hear issues of law; court of appeals
What controls the court of appeals and district courts?
What controls the Supreme Court?
How many circuit appeals (court of appeals) are there?