Exam 1 chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 chapter 7 Deck (16)
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1

herb supplement that increase bleeding

Garlic
ginger
red clove
Ginkgo
Dong quia (Angelica sinensis)
feverfew

2

which herb, supplement will cause interaction with Ibuprofen

St. John's wort

3

This herb, supplement when used with acetaminophen will inhibit the oxidative pathway

watercress

4

which herb, supplement should not be used with aspirin due to increase bleeding tendencies

Ginkgo

5

Kava-kava may potentiate action of alcohol, tranquilizers and antidepressants with

opioids

6

prolonged stress activates the

general adaption syndrome

7

Flight or flight - the stress response

increase HR, RR, BP
reroutes blood flow to major muscle group

8

Physiological responses to stress (GAS)

alarm reaction
stage of resistance
stage of exhaustion

9

Psychological response to stress

anxious
angry
tense
fearful

10

Behavior response to stress (GAS)

subconsciously -eat, drink, smoke, act out
coping skills
seek support

11

stress affects three interrelated systems

nervous
endocrine
immune

12

stress increase frequency of alertness impulses...

leads to wakefulness and sleep disturbances

13

Corticosteroids

secreted from the adrenal cortex when stimulated by the hormone ACTH
Increase CO, blood glucose levels, O2 consumption and metabolic rate
inhibits inflammatory response-risk of infection
maintains fluid volume

14

vasoconstriction

decrease GI, kidney, peripheral = risk for increase coagulability, thrombus.

15

stress effect on the immune system

decrease function of natural killer cells
altered lymphocyte proliferation
decrease production of cytokines
decrease phagocytosis of neutrophils and monocytes

16

what will be a PRN order for pt still on NPO postop

morphine injection 0.5 mg or 1 for severe pain