Exam 1 Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 Chapter 19 Deck (20)
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1

Normal WBC

5,000-10,000

2

Normal platelets

150,000-400,000

3

Hemoglobin male

14-18

4

hemoglobin female

12-16

5

Hematocrit male

40-52%

6

Hematocrit female

37-47%

7

On physical examination with is the most common sign of anemia?

Pallor
assess the oral mucous membranes, nail beds, conjunctiva and creases of the palms.
tachycardia
flow murmurs

8

platelet count of 50, 000 to 100,000

Thrombocytopenia

9

patients with platelet defects develops?

petechiae often in clusters
ecchymoses
hematomas
conjunctival hemorrhages
bleeding gums
bleeding at puncture sites
hypotension
tachycardia
dizziness
epistaxis (nose bleed)

10

1st responder in inflammatory process (phagocytosis)

Neutrophils (60-70%)
if increase acute bacterial infection

11

immature neutrophils

"bands"

12

mature neutrophils

"segs"

13

Lymphocytes

20-25%
produce antibodies
if increase indicates viral infection

14

monocytes

3-8%
phagocytosis of large particles (macrophages)

15

Eosinophils

2-4%
counteract histamine (destroy parasitic worms)

16

Basophils

1%
release histamine in the inflammatory phase.

17

How do we prevent dehiscence

use of abdominal binder

18

what should the nurse do when evisceration occurs?

cover with saline dressing
notify surgical team immediately
assesses the patient vitals
O2 saturation
patient should remain in bed and knees bent to reduce abdominal muscle tension.
NPO
IV established for fluid management
monitor for shock

19

A condition in which the hemoglobin concentration is lower than normal. A decrease in RBCs

Anemia
fewer than normal erythrocytes
diminished O2 delivery to body tissues

20

what is the most common symptom and complication of anemia?

fatigue