Energy - KQ2 (energy use and economic development) Flashcards Preview

Human Geog = Energy and Tourism > Energy - KQ2 (energy use and economic development) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Energy - KQ2 (energy use and economic development) Deck (11)
Loading flashcards...
1

Explain 'more economic development'

- More disposable income to spend on energy consuming products
- Increased demand from more industries
- Improved transport so more demand for diesel, petrol, etc
- Increased demand from agriculture = mechanisation

2

Explain 'more energy production or use'

- Increased foreign exchange earnings and foreign investment
- More employment
- Improved transport
- Growth of industries supplying energy industry (eg construction)

3

Why is there energy demand from emerging economies?

- Increasing access to electric power
- More population = higher energy demand
- Living standard expectation rise = more demand from existing customers
- Increasing car ownership = petrol and manufacturing
- Increase in manufacturing industry
- Increase in construction which relies on concrete = responsible for 6% of global CO2 emissions
- Increasing heating and air conditioning

4

Why does energy use remain low in LEDCs?

- Poverty = low disposable income for consumer products
- Limited government finance = cannot afford to import fossil fuels
- Distribution and supply routes of fuels can be disrupted by conflict
- Low tax rate/corrupt so do not invest in energy demanding industries (eg hospitals and schools)
- 2 billion people lack access to electricity

5

What are the benefits of better access to energy resources?

- Better quality of life
- Health improvements = reduced indoor air pollution from biomass fuels = provide insufficient cooking
- Empowerment of the poor = access to communication = people are better informed, more independent and can educate themselves
- Increased income = mechanisation = more productivity

6

What is the case study?

Mali, West Africa

7

What are the key facts for Mali?

- Landlocked
- 13 million people = 48% under 15
- GDP per capita $1,200 (UK = $37,400)
- Labour = 80% primary, 20% industry/services
- Economy depends on cotton, gold/phosphate mining and fishing
- 23% of adults literate
- Female life expectancy 52 years
- Northern 65% of country = desert

8

What is the energy mix in Mali?

- OIl and petrol = 14%
- Traditional sources (wood and charcoal) = 85%
- Electricity = 1%

9

What are problems Mali has with energy?

- 17% of population have access
- Domestic energy comes from wood fires of small charcoal stoves = can cause respiratory probles and leads to deforestation = deforesting at 1% a year
- No fossil fuel reserves = dependant on petroleum from Senegal and Guinea = very expensive and not reliable (conflict)
- Imported petroleum = 8% of country's trade balance

10

What is the energy mix in the UK?

1972 to 2008
- Coal = 65% to 35%
- Oil = 25% to 5%
- Nuclear = 5% to 15%
- Gas = 4% to 35%
- Renewables = 2% to 5%

11

What are the reasons for the UK's energy mix?

- Use of renewables has increased environmental awareness
- Nuclear is fairly new
- Gas can now be extracted from much deeper waters due to method discoveries = more reserves