Flashcards in Chest Trauma Deck (11)
What kinds of chest trauma are there?
- Blunt Trauma
- Penetrating Trauma
Main mechanisms of injury of trauma?
- Direct Impact
- Thoracic Compression
- Blast (primary injury & secondary injury)
Rib fractures 9 & 11 may be associated with?
Ribs ___ and___ most common
5 and 9
50% of patients with multiple rib #'s have associated complications such as
pneumothorax, cardiac or pulmonary contusion, flail chest, abdominal injury
Pulmonary contusions are usually localised to the area of lung underlying the impact site but may also be caused by a
The primary complications of pulmonary contusions are:
- Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
In severe cases with trauma what may be necessary?
Assisted or invasive ventilation
The maintenance of ______ integrity is of key importance in trauma
Pulmonary Contusion results in
Interstitial oedema and haemorrhage resulting in widespread consolidation and reduced compliance