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Complexities in Acute Care Part 2 > Chest Trauma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chest Trauma Deck (11)
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1

What kinds of chest trauma are there?

- Blunt Trauma
- Penetrating Trauma

2

Main mechanisms of injury of trauma?

- Direct Impact
- Thoracic Compression
- Acceleration/Deceleration
- Blast (primary injury & secondary injury)

3

Rib fractures 9 & 11 may be associated with?

Abdominal injury

4

Ribs ___ and___ most common

5 and 9

5

50% of patients with multiple rib #'s have associated complications such as

pneumothorax, cardiac or pulmonary contusion, flail chest, abdominal injury

6

Pulmonary contusions are usually localised to the area of lung underlying the impact site but may also be caused by a

acceleration/deceleration injury

7

The primary complications of pulmonary contusions are:

- Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
- Pneumonia

8

In severe cases with trauma what may be necessary?

Assisted or invasive ventilation

9

The maintenance of ______ integrity is of key importance in trauma

Respiratory integrity

10

Pulmonary Contusion results in

Interstitial oedema and haemorrhage resulting in widespread consolidation and reduced compliance

Increased WOB

11

Management of Rib #'s?

- Pain Control (vital to maintain good pulmonary function)
- Early Mobilisation
- Effective supported coughing if required