Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Deviance, Crime And Social Control Deck (32)
A theory that examines social and economic factors as the causes of criminal deviance.
A theory that states social control is directly affected by the strength of social bonds and that deviance results from a feeling of disconnection from society.
Crime committed by white-collar workers in a business environment.
The system tasked with supervising individuals who have been arrested for, convicted of, or sentenced for criminal offenses.
A system that has the authority to make decisions based on law.
A behavior that violates official law and is punishable through formal sanctions.
Criminal Justice System
An organization that exists to enforce a legal code
Cultural Deviance Theory
A theory that suggests conformity to the prevailing cultural norms of lower-class society causes crime.
A violation of contextual, cultural, or social norms.
Differential Association Theory
A theory that states individuals learn deviant behavior from those close to them who provide models of an opportunities for deviance.
Sanctions that are officially recognized and enforced.
Attacks based on a person’s race, religion, or other characteristics
Sanctions that occurs in face-to-face interactions
The ascribing of a deviant behavior to another person by members of society.
Codes that maintain formal social control through laws
A label that describes the chief characteristic of an individual.
Punishments for violating norms
Crimes that involve the destruction or theft of property, but do not use force or threat of force
A civil force in charge of regulating laws and public order at a federal, state, or community level.
Rewards given for conforming to norms
A small group of wealthy and influential people at the top of society who hold the power and resources
A violation of norms that does not result in any long-term effects on the individuals self-image or interactions with others.
The means of enforcing rules.
Deviance that occurs when a person’s self-concept and behavior begin to change after his or her actions are labeled as deviant by members of society.
Self report study
A collection of data acquired using voluntary response methods, such as questionnaires or telephone interviews.
The regulation and enforcement of norms
Social disorganization theory
A theory that asserts crime occurs in communities with weak social ties and the absence of social control
An arrangement of practices and behaviors on which society’s members base their daily lives
A theory that addresses the relationship between having socially acceptable goals and having socially acceptable means to reach those goals.