Chapter 9 - Social Stratification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Social Stratification Deck (21)
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1

Caste System

A system in which people are born into a social standing that they will retain their entire lives.

2

Class

A group who shares a common social status based on factors like wealth, income, education and occupation.

3

Class System

Social standing based on social factors and individuals accomplishments.

4

Class Traits

The typical behaviors, customs, and norms that define each class (also called class markers).

5

Conspicuous Consumption

The act of buying and using products to make a statement about social standing.

6

David-Moore Thesis

A thesis that argues some social stratification is a social necessity.

7

Downward Mobility

A lowering of one’s social class.

8

Endogenous Marriages

Unions of people within the same social categories.

9

Exogamous Unions

Unions of spouses from different social categories.

10

Global Stratification

A comparison of the wealth, economic stability, status, and power of countries as a whole.

11

Income

The money a person earns from work or investments

12

Intergenerational Mobility

A difference in social class between different generations of a family.

13

Intragenerational Mobility

A difference in social class between different members of the same generation.

14

Meritocracy

An ideal system in which personal effort — or merit — determines social standing.

15

Primogeniture

A law stating that all property positions within a social stratification system.

16

Social Stratification

A socioeconomic system that divides society’s members into categories ranking from high to low, based on things like wealth, power, and prestige.

17

Standard of Living

The level of wealth available to acquire material goods and comforts to maintain a particular socioeconomic lifestyle.

18

Status Consistency

The consistency, or lack thereof, of an individual’s rank across social categories like income, education, and occupation.

19

Structural Mobility

A societal change that enables a whole group of people to move up or down the class ladder.

20

Upward mobility

An increase — or upward shift — in social class.

21

Wealth

The value of money and assets a person has from, for example, inheritance.