Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Sociological Research Deck (31)
In-depth analysis of a single event, situation, or individual
Code of Ethics
A set of guidelines that the American Sociological Association has established to foster ethical research and professionally responsible scholarship in sociology.
Applying a systematic approach to record and value information gleaned from secondary data as it related to the study at hand
When a change in one variable coincides with a change in another variable, but does not necessarily indicate causation
A variable changed by other variables
Evidence that comes from direct experience, scientifically fathered data, or experimentation
Observing a complete social setting and all that it entails
The testing of a hypothesis under controlled conditions
Gathering data from a natural environment without doing a lab experiment or a survey
When study subjects behave in a certain manner due to their awareness of being observed by a researcher
A testable educated guess about predicted outcomes between two or more variables
Variables that cause change in dependent variables
A sociological research approach that seeks in-depth understanding of a topic or subject through observation or interaction; this approach is not basis on hypothesis testing
A one-on-one conversation between the researcher and the subject
A scholarly research step that entails identifying and studying all existing studies on a topic to create a basis for new research
A technique in which the results of virtually all previous studies on a specific subject are evaluated together
Using secondary data, does not include direct contact with subjects and will not alter or influence people’s behaviors
Specific explanations of abstract concepts that a researcher plans to study
When a researcher immerses herself in a group or social setting in order to make observations from an “insider” perspective
A defined group serving as the subject of a study
Data that are collected directly from firsthand experience
Comprise information that is subjective and often based on what is seen in a natural setting
Represent research collected in numerical form that can be counted
A study’s participants being randomly selected to serve as a representation of a larger population
A measure of a study’s consistency that considers how likely results are to be replicated if a study is reproduced.
Small, manageable number of subjects that represent the population.
An established scholarly research method that involves asking a question, researching existing sources, forming a hypothesis, designing and conducting a study, and drawing conclusions.
Secondary Data Analysis
Using data collected by others but applying new interpretations
Collect data from subjects who respond to a series of questions about behaviors and opinions, often in the form of a questionnaire