Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Groups And Organization Deck (33)
A collection of people who exist in the same place at the same time, but don’t interact or share a sense of identity.
A leader who issues orders and assigns tasks.
Formal organizations characterized by a hierarchy of authority, a clear division of labor, explicit rules, and impersonality.
People who share similar characteristics but who are not connected in any way.
Clear Division of Labor
The fact that each individual in a bureaucracy has a specialized task to perform.
Organizations that people do not voluntarily join, such as prison or a mental hospital.
The extent to which an individual complies with group or societal norms.
A leader who encourages group participation and consensus-building before moving into action.
A two-member group.
The types of rules in a bureaucracy; rules that are outlined, recorded, and standardized.
A group function that serves an emotional need.
A leader who is concerned with process and with ensuring everyone’s emotional wellbeing.
Large, impersonal organizations
Any collection of at least two people who interact with some frequency and who share some sense of aligned identity.
Hierarchy of Authority
A clear chain of command found in a bureaucracy.
The removal of personal feelings from a profession situation.
A group a person belongs to and feels is an integral part of his identity.
Being oriented toward a task or goal
A leader who is goal oriented with a primary focus on accomplishing tasks.
Iron Rule of Oligarchy
The theory that an organization is ruled by a few elites rather than through collaboration.
A hands-off leader who allows members of the group to make their own decisions.
The main focus or goal of a leader.
The style a leader uses to achieve goals or elicit action from group members.
McDonaldization of Society
The increase presence of the fast food business model in common social institutions.
A bureaucracy where membership and advancement is based on merit — proven and documented skills.
Normative or Voluntary Organizations
Organizations that people tend to pursue shared interests or because they provide some intangible rewards.
A group that an individual is not a member of, and may even compete with.
Small, informal groups of people who are closest to us.
Groups to which an individual compares herself.