Chapter 6 - Groups And Organization Flashcards Preview

Introduction to Sociology - Openstax > Chapter 6 - Groups And Organization > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Groups And Organization Deck (33)
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1

Aggregate

A collection of people who exist in the same place at the same time, but don’t interact or share a sense of identity.

2

Authoritarian Leader

A leader who issues orders and assigns tasks.

3

Beareaucracies

Formal organizations characterized by a hierarchy of authority, a clear division of labor, explicit rules, and impersonality.

4

Category

People who share similar characteristics but who are not connected in any way.

5

Clear Division of Labor

The fact that each individual in a bureaucracy has a specialized task to perform.

6

Coercive Organizations

Organizations that people do not voluntarily join, such as prison or a mental hospital.

7

Conformity

The extent to which an individual complies with group or societal norms.

8

Democratic Leader

A leader who encourages group participation and consensus-building before moving into action.

9

Dyad

A two-member group.

10

Explicit Rules

The types of rules in a bureaucracy; rules that are outlined, recorded, and standardized.

11

Expressive Function

A group function that serves an emotional need.

12

Expressive Leader

A leader who is concerned with process and with ensuring everyone’s emotional wellbeing.

13

Formal Organizations

Large, impersonal organizations

14

Group

Any collection of at least two people who interact with some frequency and who share some sense of aligned identity.

15

Hierarchy of Authority

A clear chain of command found in a bureaucracy.

16

Impersonality

The removal of personal feelings from a profession situation.

17

In-Group

A group a person belongs to and feels is an integral part of his identity.

18

Instrumental Function

Being oriented toward a task or goal

19

Instrumental Leader

A leader who is goal oriented with a primary focus on accomplishing tasks.

20

Iron Rule of Oligarchy

The theory that an organization is ruled by a few elites rather than through collaboration.

21

Laissez-faire Leader

A hands-off leader who allows members of the group to make their own decisions.

22

Leadership Function

The main focus or goal of a leader.

23

Leadership Style

The style a leader uses to achieve goals or elicit action from group members.

24

McDonaldization of Society

The increase presence of the fast food business model in common social institutions.

25

Meritocracy

A bureaucracy where membership and advancement is based on merit — proven and documented skills.

26

Normative or Voluntary Organizations

Organizations that people tend to pursue shared interests or because they provide some intangible rewards.

27

Out-Group

A group that an individual is not a member of, and may even compete with.

28

Primary Group

Small, informal groups of people who are closest to us.

29

Reference Groups

Groups to which an individual compares herself.

30

Secondary Groups

Larger and more impersonal groups that are task-focused and time limited.