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Anatomical

Pertaining to an organisms physical structure

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Anthropology

The study of humans kind, viewed from the perspective of all people and all times.

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Arboreal

Tree-dwelling; adapted to living in trees.

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Archaeology

The study of historic or prehistoric human populations through the analysis of material remains

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Artifacts

Material objects from past cultures

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Biocultural approach

The scientific study of the interrelationship between what humans have inherited genetically and culture.

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Biological anthropology

Physical anthropology the study of the evolution, variation, and adaptation of humans and their past and present relatives

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Bipedalism

Walking on two feet

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Cultural anthropology

The study of modern human societies through the analysis of the origins, evolution, and variation of culture.

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Culture

Learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person.

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Data

Evidence gathered to help answer questions, solve problems, and fill gaps in scientific knowledge.

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Empirical

Verified through observation and experiment

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Hominids

A group of extinct and living bipedal primates in the family hominidae. Includes all human like beings that post date the split between the evolutionary lineage that led to modern humans (Homo) and the lineage that led to living chimpanzees (Pan)

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Hypotheses

Testable statements that potentially explain specific phenomena observed in the natural world.

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Language

A set of written or spoken symbols that refer to things (people, places, concepts, etc.) other than themselves

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Linguistic anthropology

The study of the construction, use, and form of language in human populations.

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Material culture

The part of culture that is expressed as objects that humans use to manipulate environments

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Morphology

Physical shape and appearance

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Nonhoning canine

An upper canine that, as part of a Nonhoning chewing mechanism, is not sharpened against the lower premolar

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Physical anthropology

The original term for biological anthropology

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Primates

A group of mammals in the order Primates that have complex behavior, varied forms of locomotion, and a unique suite of traits, including larger brains, forward facing eyes, fingernails, and reduced snouts.

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Scientific law

A theory that becomes absolutely true

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Scientific method

An empirical research method in which data is gathered from observations of phenomena, hypotheses are formulated and tested, and conclusions are drawn that validate or modify the original hypotheses.

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Sociolinguistics

The science of investigating languages social contexts

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Theory

A set of hypotheses that have been rigorously tested and validated, leading to their establishment as a generally accepted explanation of specific phenomena