Ch. 10: Implementing Response Objectives Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 10: Implementing Response Objectives Deck (40)
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1

What are the specific objectives the IC uses to achieve strategic goals?

tactics

2

In order to be effective, what must need to be concise, easy to communicate, and achievable in a given timeframe with the resources available?

objectives

3

What mode of operations commits the IC's resources to aggressive leak, spill, and fire control objectives?

offensive

4

What mode of operations commits resources to less aggressive objectives?

defensive

5

What mode means taking no action other than isolating the area?

nonintervention

6

What mode does hazmat operations begin in?

defensive mode

7

What are the most difficult decisions responders must make?

Those related to life safety

8

What is an important step in getting the IC's strategic game plan implemented?

Getting a buy-in from the risk takers.

9

What has a stated objective that can be achieved using specific procedures and tasks within a reasonable period of time?

a well-defined tactic

10

What is about whether to use one tactic over another?

tactical decision making

11

What are the actions taken to confine a product release to a limited area?

spill-control strategies and confinement tactics

12

What is the physical process of absorbing or "picking up" a liquid hazardous material to prevent enlargement of the contaminated area?

absorption

13

What is the chemical process in which a sorbate interacts with a solid sorbent surface?

adsorption

14

What is a physical method of confinement?

covering

15

What is a physical method of confinement by which barriers are constructed to prevent or reduce the quantity of liquid flowing into the environment?

damming

16

What is a physical method of confinement by which barriers are constructed on ground used to control the movement of liquids, sludge, solids, or other materials?

diking

17

When are dikes most effective?

When they can be built quickly.

18

What is a chemical method by which a water-soluble solution, usually a corrosive, is diluted by adding large volumes of water to the spill?

dilution

19

What is the major disadvantage to dilution?

It is not well understood by emergency response personnel.

20

What is a physical method of confinement by which barriers are constructed on ground or placed in a waterway to intentionally control the movement of a hazardous material into an area where it will pose less harm to the community and the environment?

diversion

21

What is a chemical method by which certain chemical and biological agents are used to disperse or break up the material involved in liquid spills on water?

dispersion

22

What is a physical method by which water spray or fans are used to disperse or move vapors away from the surface areas of the product?

vapor dispersion

23

What is a physical method to reduce or eliminate the vapors emanating from a spilled or released material?

vapor suppression

24

What is a chemical method by which a hazmat is neutralized by applying a second material to the original spill that will chemically react with it to form a less harmful substance?

neutralization

25

What should be neutralized by applying the neutralizing material from the outermost edge inward, thereby protecting responders?

corrosive spills

26

What is a physical method of confinement by which a leaking drum, container or cylinder is placed inside a larger undamaged and compatible overpack container?

overpacking

27

What containment method uses chemically compatible patches and plugs to reduce or temporarily stop the flow of materials from small container holes, rips, tears, or gashes?

patching (plugging)

28

What method of containment is by which the internal pressure of a closed container is reduced?

pressure isolation and reduction

29

What can be done by simply lowering the pressure or completely isolating or shutting down the compressor or pumping system?

The magnitude of the leak can be significantly reduced.

30

What is the controlled release of a material to reduce and control the pressure, and decrease the probability of a violent container rupture?

venting