Booklet 4 20th Century Part II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Booklet 4 20th Century Part II Deck (23)
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1

What was the name of the world's first test tube baby?

Louise Brown

2

What type of surgery allows you to rejoin nerves and blood vessels?

Micro surgery

3

In what year was DNA discovered?

1953

4

What scans allow surgeons to see inside the body?

CAT scans and MRI scans

5

Which war highlighted the poor health British workers?

Boer War

6

Name two social investigators who highlighted the problems of poverty.

Rowntree and Booth

7

Which political party was elected in 1906 promising social reform?

Liberal Party

8

What reform did the Liberals introduce to improve children's health?

Free School Meals 1906, School medical inspections 1907, Children's Act 1908 and School Clinics 1912

9

Which Liberal reform helped sick workers avoid starvation?

National Insurance Act Part 1 1911

10

Which Liberal reform helped the elderly?

Pensions Act 1909

11

Who wrote a report about the state of Britain during World War Two?

Sir William Beveridge 1942

12

How many copies of the Beveridge Report were sold in the first month?

100,000

13

What did Beveridge say were the 5 giants of poverty?

Disease, want or need, ignorance, idleness and squalor or poor living conditions

14

When was the National Health Service or NHS set up?

4th July, 1948

15

How many new towns were built by 1948 and how many council homes build per year?

12 new towns and 280,000 council homes per year

16

Before the NHS, how many people had never seen a doctor?

8 million

17

How has life expectancy changed for men and women since 1948?

Women from 66 to 83 and men from 64 to 79

18

When were charges first introduced for the NHS?

1952 charges for glasses introduced, prescriptions cost 1 shilling and dental treatment cost 1 pound

19

In December 1952, how many people were affected by the killer smog?

12,000 people died and 100,000 were taken ill

20

When did the government pass the Clean Air Acts?

1956 and 1968 which tried to reduce the number of coal fires

21

When was smoking in public places banned and smoking in cars with a child passenger?

2007 public places and 2015 in cars with a child passenger

22

By 2014, how many people had died from AIDS?

40 million

23

How many in people in Britain currently have AIDS?

100,000