Flashcards in Booklet 4 20th Century Part II Deck (23)
What was the name of the world's first test tube baby?
What type of surgery allows you to rejoin nerves and blood vessels?
In what year was DNA discovered?
What scans allow surgeons to see inside the body?
CAT scans and MRI scans
Which war highlighted the poor health British workers?
Name two social investigators who highlighted the problems of poverty.
Rowntree and Booth
Which political party was elected in 1906 promising social reform?
What reform did the Liberals introduce to improve children's health?
Free School Meals 1906, School medical inspections 1907, Children's Act 1908 and School Clinics 1912
Which Liberal reform helped sick workers avoid starvation?
National Insurance Act Part 1 1911
Which Liberal reform helped the elderly?
Pensions Act 1909
Who wrote a report about the state of Britain during World War Two?
Sir William Beveridge 1942
How many copies of the Beveridge Report were sold in the first month?
What did Beveridge say were the 5 giants of poverty?
Disease, want or need, ignorance, idleness and squalor or poor living conditions
When was the National Health Service or NHS set up?
4th July, 1948
How many new towns were built by 1948 and how many council homes build per year?
12 new towns and 280,000 council homes per year
Before the NHS, how many people had never seen a doctor?
How has life expectancy changed for men and women since 1948?
Women from 66 to 83 and men from 64 to 79
When were charges first introduced for the NHS?
1952 charges for glasses introduced, prescriptions cost 1 shilling and dental treatment cost 1 pound
In December 1952, how many people were affected by the killer smog?
12,000 people died and 100,000 were taken ill
When did the government pass the Clean Air Acts?
1956 and 1968 which tried to reduce the number of coal fires
When was smoking in public places banned and smoking in cars with a child passenger?
2007 public places and 2015 in cars with a child passenger
By 2014, how many people had died from AIDS?