Flashcards in Booklet 4 20th Century Part I Deck (31)
Who did St Mary's Hospital send to study infections in wounded soldiers during WWI?
What germ caused septicaemia infections?
How did Fleming discover penicillin in 1928?
By chance. Mould formed in one of his petri dishes whicle he was on holiday. It had killed the germ inside.
What test did Fleming fail to do which would have proved uesful?
He failed to inject penicillin into the blood stream.
Who developed the work of Fleming?
Florey and Chain who started to experiment on mice and humans in 1941.
Who did Florey and Chain first experiment on?
A policeman who had an infection from a rose. After initial improvement he died as there wasn't enough antobiotic available.
How did war affect penicillin?
War spread up production due to large injury rates.
Describe penicillin use during World War Two
In 1943 1,000 soldiers were helped but by 1945 250,000
What percentage of soldiers would have died without penicillin during WWII?
How did the government help with penicillin production after WWII?
There was a huge sponsored programme to produce the wonder drug and it was used to treat diseases such as bronchitis wounds, abscesses and tonsillitis.
Name three other antibiotics produced after penicillin.
Streptomycin for treating TB, Tetracyline for skin infections and Mitomycin used against cancer.
Which drug for sleeping resulted in the birth of babies with porly formed limbs?
Name two antibiotic resistant superbugs.
MRSA and Norovirus
When was the first open heart surgery performed?
When was the first kidney transplant in the UK?
When was the first heart transplant in the UK?
When was the first hip replacement performed in Britain?
When were MRI scans first used?
When was the first full face transplant?
List 4 examples of alternative medicine.
Hydrotherapy, aromatheraphy, hypnotherapy, acupuncture
During World War One, what did CCS stand for?
Casualty Clearing Stations
List 4 technological improvements in medicine during World War One.
Mobile xray units, blood transfusions, skin grafts, the Thomas splint
How many men suffered from shell shock during World War One?
Who developed the talking cure for shellshock?
Who developed new techniques in skin grafts?
In what year were different blood groups discovered?
When anticoagulant was added to blood and how long would it last?
During World War Two, how many blood doners were used?
What was known as the Spanish Lady?
The influenza pandemic 1918 to 1919