Booklet 3 19th Century Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Booklet 3 19th Century Deck (99)
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1

What is smallpox?

A contagious disease caused by the variola virus

2

When did the World Health Organisibation declare smallpox eradicated?

1980

3

What percentage of people died who caught smallpox?

Between 30-60 percent

4

Why was smallpox so feared by the public?

Because it left people blind and scarred

5

Which queen died of smallpox in 1694?

Queen Mary

6

What did people think caused smallpox?

Miasma or bad air

7

Who invented vaccination?

Edward Jenner

8

What practice/idea did Lady Mary Montagu bring back from a holiday in Istanbul in 1792?

innoculation

9

What process does this describe: the introduction of a weakened version of a pathogen, so that the immune response is triggered and the body is prepared to fight the actual pathogen if necessary

Vaccination

10

In what year was a cure for smallpox found?

1798

11

When did the government make the eradication of smallpox a priority?

1853

12

What was the population of Britain in 1801?

16 million

13

What was the population of Britain in 1901?

41 million

14

What revolution changed the way people lived between the years 1750-1900?

The Industrial Revolution

15

What two word French term best sums up government attitudes in 19th Century?

laissez faire'

16

What did Louis Pasteur prove?

The Germ Theory

17

When did Louis Pasteur published his theory?

1861

18

What was important about Pasteurs work?

the idea that disease is spread by tiny organisms he called germs

19

What disease occurred in Lincoln in 1905?

Thyphoid

20

Why was there an epidemic in Lincoln in 1905?

bad water supply, governing body did things on the cheap, raw sewage in the water, increasing population

21

What diseases did Robert Koch work on? Name two

Diptheria, Anthrax, TB, Cholera

22

Who developed the idea of 'magic bullets'?

Paul Ehrlich

23

Give 2 reasons why rapid urbanisation caused disease?

poor housing, cellar living, overcrowding, no access to clean water, no sewage systems

24

What did the 'magic bullet Salvarsan treat?

syphilis

25

When was the first cholera epidemic in Britain?

1831-32

26

Where did the first Cholera epidemic take place in Britain?

Sunderland

27

Who published a Report on the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Population in 1842?

Edwin Chadwick

28

Why was the first Public Health Act not good enough?

Because it was not enforced/compulsory

29

In what year was the first Public Health Act passed?

1848

30

In what year was the second Public Health Act passed?

1875