Booklet 1 Flashcards Preview

History - Paper 2, HEALTH > Booklet 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Booklet 1 Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

Hippocrates theory

Theory of the four humours:
- yellow bile
- black bile
- blood
- phlegm
If you were ill one of these were out of balance.

2

Galen’s theory

The theory of opposites. That one of the 4 humours were out of balance so they started treating illnesses with cures like bleeding people as they had too much blood.

3

Catholic Churches envolvment

They cared for the sick and used herbs to heal people. They also used relics and prayed for the sick. As they thought it was a punishment from god.

4

What did medieval people Believe causes to illness were?

Bad smells, a bad everyday life, the supernatural, the 4 humours.

5

Treatments used to medieval doctors:

- garlic
- radish
- cold water
- sheep suit
- wormwood

6

Treatments for everyday fevers and headaches.

- bleed patient
- trepanning
- use sheep suite
- move to a place with ‘good air’ or good smells
- pray

7

Living conditions in medieval times:

- poo on street
- urine and dead animals on street
- no waste pipes
- all horrible waste and dead animals went into the the themes
- bathing in themes and cleaning in there
- lots of rats and fleas

8

Black Death

- foreign rats from the east
- spread easily due to living conditions
- rats lived in there houses.
- 1/2 of London died, 33% of England died.

9

Believed causes of the Black Death

- jews, astronomy, miasma, god punishment, 4 humours

10

How people prevented/ treated the Black Death

- popping the bubo
- drinking mercury and vinegar
- bleeding
- praying
- don’t eat use candles

11

Autopsy

An experimentation on a corpse to see cause of death

12

Cauterise

To seize up a wound with heat to stop bleeding

13

Phisic garden

A herbal garden for medicine.

14

Religious impact of Black Death

- relives survivors believed in god more than ever.
- industrialisation took monks out of business
- less influence on medical affairs

15

Political impacts of Black Death

Loss of control on peasants

16

Social impact of Black Death

- have to work harder
- sadness
- printing press invented saved time for many workers

17

Economical impact of Black Death

- wage rose
- land was vacated.