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Flashcards in Booklet 2 Deck (21)
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1

William Harvey

- knew how blood was pumped around body.
- calculated how much blood was in body.
- studied anatomy at Cambridge
- his theories were unproven so wasn’t that believable
- knew what the heart and liver did.

2

Vesalius

- studied the anatomy and art
- wrote the book ‘fabric of the human body’
- disproved Galen
- became a surgeon.
- studied how the body worked.
- proved his work, with lectures, many more people believed him.

3

Pare

- in the army surgeon
- used ligatures, egg yolk, burpentine and roses.
- used cauterising.
- tied blood vessels to stop people bleeding out.
- went against Galen

4

renaissance surgery:

- very high death rate
- no antibiotics or antiseptics
- no pain killer
- died of shock.
- died of infection

5

Why didn’t surgery advance?

People didn’t like change form galens theory’s, religion are responsible for teaching and printing and publication of books. And the church liked galens theory as it compliments religion however the science repels it. And they also disallowed dissecting bodies for experiments so they used animals.

6

Improvements to training of surgeons by 1815

- experience in hospitals
- one year learning about anatomy
- need a licence
This was helped by the government!

7

The great plague start date.

1665

8

The great plague key stats

- 100,000 people died in London
- 30% of York died.
Not as bad as the Black Death.

9

Used plague doctors they used:

- suits and cloths to stop spread of pneumonic plague.
- used tobacco and rosemary.
- were ineffective.

10

Believed causes of the plague:

- god.
- miasma.
- astrology

11

Quarenteen in the great plague.

Red Cross on door, kept disease people in there houses for 28 days or until death, helped by GOVERNMENT employing watchmen to keep this in place.

12

Prevention methods of the great plague.

- prayer
- fasting
- pilgrimage
- ward of miasma with rosemary.

13

Why the plague was so dangerous.

- still use galens theory.
- houses close together
- no hygiene or sewer or waste system
- animals in contact with humans.

14

Public heath attempts by government in renaissance.

- house owners had to clean outside there own house.
- no public entertainment during plague.
- employed street cleaners.

15

Apothecary’s

Are pharmacy’s in 1657.
They prescribe drugs and diagnose by symptoms.

16

Quack medicine.

Fake medicine to earn people money on the street which claimed it cured all common illnesses at the time.

17

Edward Jenner discovers and used:

Inoculation.

18

Smallpox vaccination in

1853

19

Jenner:

Discovered the link how dairy farmers didn’t get small pox but all had cowpox and though of his break through.

20

How did Jenner prove his findings.

He gave cowpox to a child. He came down ill with it. Then after he recovered he was injected with small pox and he felt no symptoms. As he was immune.

21

How did small pox get irradiated

The government made it compulsory to have the inoculation so everyone was immune to small pox so that type of bacteria died out.