Booklet 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Booklet 4 Deck (13)
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1

Penicillin

By Fleming discovered in 19th century.
- discovered by accident

2

How penicillin was publicised

- by Flory and chain as they added to his work and made it more public.
- however the government really did it was they helped it be mass produced which helped in WW1 and WW2.

3

Overuse of penicillin leads to what?

Bacteria mutating and natural selection makes sure that some types of bacteria are antibiotic resistant.

4

Things changed by WW1

- shell shock treatment, looked more into mental health
- X-rays, improved public health and surgery.
- plastic surgery, when WW1 effected soldiers came home.
- blood transfusions could now be carried pit with more knowledge about the body.

5

Sterile environment is?

A surgical environment where there is little to no bacteria.

6

Early 20th century reforms

Liberal social reforms.

7

The liberal social reforms X1

- free school meals.
- medical checks to kids in schools,
- more child protection laws
- sick pay to workers

8

The liberal social reforms X2

- minimum wage introduced to tempt more people into work.
- more help for unemployed to find jobs.
- more people received pensions.
- more money given to retired poverty.

9

Public health summary in 1930’s after liberal social reforms.

- doctors were more widely used.
- anaesthetic and antiseptics used.
- germ theory widely accepted.
- diagnosed people much easier.
- children get taught hygiene and more from a young age.

10

William Beveridge

- had the idea of the welfare state.
- made the Beveridge report.
- said that the government should take care of society ‘from the cradle to the grave’
- sold 100,000 reports in first month.

11

Welfare state.

- Beveridges idea of society.
- children, adults, family life and elderly all protected.

12

Bevan?

- Labour Party.
- 1945 won election and put HNS into place.
- NHS was controversial as its expensive and they get no money back.

13

Healthcare 21st century

- stop obesity
- more about prevention not cure.
- protection against STD’s
- teeth health
- strokes
- cancer research.