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Anatomy - Large Animal > Blood Supply and Lymph Centers > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Supply and Lymph Centers Deck (71)
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1

What are the branches of the common carotid artery in the horse?

occipital, internal carotid, and external carotid

2

What does the internal carotid artery supply in the horse?

the brain

3

What are the branches of the external carotid artery in the horse?

linguofacial trunk, caudal auricular, superficial temporal, maxillary

4

What is the branch of the superficial temporal in the horse?

the transverse facial artery

5

What are the branches of the linguofacial trunk in the horse?

lingual and facial artery

6

What are the branches of the facial artery in the horse?

inferior labial, superior labial, lateral nasal, dorsal nasal

7

What happens when the facial artery gives off the dorsal nasal artery?

it becomes the angularis oculi

8

What are the branches of the maxillary artery in the horse?

inferior alveolar, infra orbital, and major palatine

9

What does the infraorbital artery supply in the horse ?

the teeth of the upper arcade

10

Where is the major palatine artery in the horse found?

on the lingual surface of the upper dental arcade

11

What are the common carotid branches in the ox?

occipital, internal carotid, and external carotid

12

What does the internal carotid artery do in the ox?

it degenerates

13

What are the branches of the external carotid artery in the ox?

linguofacial branch, caudal auriclar, superficial temporal, and maxillary

14

What are the branchs of the superficial temporal in the ox?

cornual artery and the transverse facial artery

15

What are the branches of the facial artery in the ox?

inferior labial, superior labial, and lateral nasal

16

After giving off the lateral nasal artery, what does the facial artery do in the ox?

it becomes the angularis oculi

17

What are the branches of the maxillary artery in the ox?

inferior alveolar, major palatine, and infraorbital

18

What is the course of the facial artery in the horse and ox?

it courses medial to the mandible until the rostral base of the masseter where it becomes superficial

19

What are the branches of the common carotid artery in the small ruminant?

the external carotid artery and occipital- it has no internal carotid artery

20

What are the branches of the external carotid artery in the small ruminant?

lingual, caudal auricular, superficial temporal, and maxillary

21

What does the small ruminant have instead of the facial artery and what it is a branch of?

the transverse facial artery, a branch of the superficial temporal

22

What are the venous sinuses of the horse?

transverse facial, deep facial, and buccal

23

Where are the venous sinuses of the horse located?

deep to the masseter

24

What deep facial sinuses of the horse are sandwiched in between the maxilla and masseter?

the transverse facial and deep facial

25

What deep facial sinuses of the horse are sandwiched in between the mandible and the masseter?

the buccal

26

Generally the facial arteries and veins have the same branches and routes, however the facial vein in the ox is different than the facial artery, why?

it has a dorsal nasal branch and then it becomes the angularis oculi whereas the arteries do not have the dorsal nasal branch and becomes the angularis oculi after it gives off the lateral nasal

27

What does the opthalamic orbital venous sinus serve as in the pig?

a blood capture site

28

What structure receives blood to supply the brain?

the arterial circle

29

What supplies the arterial circle?

internal carotid artery, vertebral artery, ventral spinal artery and occipital artery

30

If the animal does not have an internal carotid artery, what supplies the arterial circle?

the external carotid/maxillary