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Anatomy - Large Animal > Dentition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dentition Deck (66)
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1

Characterize brachydont teeth.

a crown, neck, and well developed roots

2

What are the substances that brachydont teeth are made up of?

enamel, dentin, cement, pulp

3

What is the hardest substance in the body?

enamel

4

What teeth are brachydont teeth in the horse and the ruminant?

the incisors and canines in cow, and the first premolars and canine in the horse

5

Characterize hypsodont teeth.

teeth with a high crown and short roots

6

What substances are the hyposodont teeth made up of?

cement, enamel, dentin, pulp

7

What does it mean when a hyposodont tooth is in wear?

the tooth begins to wear off its enamel later after eruption through the gums

8

In the horse and ruminant, what are the hypsodant teeth?

the premolars and molars (except the first premolar in the horse)

9

What is the clinical tooth?

the part of the tooth that has erupted from the gum line

10

What is the anatomical tooth?

the whole tooth; erupted and not erupted

11

What are the surfaces of the teeth?

occlusal, mesial, distal, buccal, labial, and lingual

12

What is the occlusal surface of the tooth?

surfaces that touches the teeth on the opposite arcade

13

What is the mesial surface of the tooth?

the surface of the tooth that is closest to the midline

14

What is the distal surface of the tooth?

the surface of the tooth that is the furthest away from the midline

15

What is the buccal surface of the tooth?

the surface of the tooth that faces the cheek

16

What is the labial surface of the tooth?

the surface of the tooth that faces the lips

17

What is the lingual surface of the tooth?

the surface of the tooth that faces the tongue

18

In the horse, how do the buccal parts of both arcades interact?

the upper arcade overlaps the buccal part of the lower arcade

19

In the horse how do the lingual parts of both arcades interact?

the lingual part of the lower arcade overlaps the lingual part of the upper arcade

20

What is the deciduous dental formula of the feline?

Upper: 3-1-3 (no P1) Lower: 3-1-2 (no P1 or P2)

21

What is the permanent dental formula of the feline?

Upper: 3-1-3-1 (no P1) Lower: 3-1-2-1 (no P1 or P2)

22

What is the deciduous dental formula of the canine?

Upper: 3-1-3 (no P1) Lower: 3-1-3 (no P1)

23

What is the permanent dental formula of the canine?

Upper: 3-1-4-2 Lower: 3-1-4-3

24

What is the deciduous dental formula of the horse?

Upper: 3-0(1)-3 Lower: 3-0(1)-3

25

What is the permanent dental formula of the horse?

Upper: 3-1(0)-3(4)-3 Lower: 3-1(0)-3(4)-3

26

What is the deciduous dental formula of the ruminant?

Upper: 0-0-3 Lower: 3-1-3

27

What is the permanent dental formula of the ruminant?

Upper: 0-0-3-3 Lower: 3-1-3-3

28

Where is the canine located in the ruminant?

right next to I3, there is no diastema between the incisors and the canine

29

What is the deciduous dental formula of the pig?

Upper: 3-1-3 Lower: 3-1-3

30

What is the permanent dental formula of the pig?

Upper: 3-1-4-3 Lower: 3-1-4-3