Flashcards in Female Reproduction Deck (82)
What are the components of the broad ligament?
mesovarium, mesosalpinx, and mesometrium
What does the broad ligament attach to in the cow?
the pelvic inlet
What does the mesovarium do?
attaches the ovary to the abdominal wall
What ligament is associated with the mesovarium?
the proper ligament of the ovary
What does the proper ligament of the ovary do?
connects the ovary to the uterine horn
What does the mesosalpinx do?
surrounds the ovary and holds the uterine tube between it’s two layers
What is the the ovarian bursa created by?
In the dog, what is the structure of the ovarian bursa?
it entirely covers the ovary except for a small slit
In the cow, sow, and horse, what is the structure of the ovarian bursa?
it is less extensive and drapes over the ovary
What does the mesometrium do?
attaches the uterine horn do the abdominal wall
What ligament is associated with the mesometrium?
the round ligament of the uterus
What does the round ligament of the uterus do?
it is the caudal continuation of the proper ligament of the ovary that extends through the inguinal canal
What is the round ligament of the uterus homologous to in the male?
Where are the ovarian and uterine vessels located?
within the broad ligament
What is the function of the suspensory ligament of the ovary?
it is part of the mesovarium that connects to the last rib and 'suspends' the ovary
What is the intercornual ligament?
a ligament found between two uterine horns where the meet the uterine body
Where is the cortex located in domesticated species - not the horse?
outer area with the follicles
Where is the medulla located in domesticated species - not the horse?
in the center of the ovary
What is different about the horse ovary?
the medulla is on the outside and the cortex is a very small
What is the infundibulum?
the funnel-shaped end of the uterine tube
What is the fimbirae?
finger-like projections on the ingundibulum that direct the egg where to go
What is the abdominal opening of the uterine tube?
the opening in the center of the infundibulum that is the only opening of the peritoneal cavity to the outside
What species has the ovulation fossa?
What is the ovulation fossa?
a central depression in the ovary where ovulation consistently takes place
When is the cervical canal open?
during estrous and birth
What species have the vaginal recess?
the horse and carnivores
What are pulvini?
mounds/cushions in the cervix that interdigitate and close the cervical canal
Which species have long uterine horns?
carnivores and the sow
Which species has uterine horns that are the same length as the uterine body?