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Anatomy - Large Animal > Female Reproduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Reproduction Deck (82)
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1

What are the components of the broad ligament?

mesovarium, mesosalpinx, and mesometrium

2

What does the broad ligament attach to in the cow?

the pelvic inlet

3

What does the mesovarium do?

attaches the ovary to the abdominal wall

4

What ligament is associated with the mesovarium?

the proper ligament of the ovary

5

What does the proper ligament of the ovary do?

connects the ovary to the uterine horn

6

What does the mesosalpinx do?

surrounds the ovary and holds the uterine tube between it’s two layers

7

What is the the ovarian bursa created by?

the mesosalpinx

8

In the dog, what is the structure of the ovarian bursa?

it entirely covers the ovary except for a small slit

9

In the cow, sow, and horse, what is the structure of the ovarian bursa?

it is less extensive and drapes over the ovary

10

What does the mesometrium do?

attaches the uterine horn do the abdominal wall

11

What ligament is associated with the mesometrium?

the round ligament of the uterus

12

What does the round ligament of the uterus do?

it is the caudal continuation of the proper ligament of the ovary that extends through the inguinal canal

13

What is the round ligament of the uterus homologous to in the male?

the gubernaculum

14

Where are the ovarian and uterine vessels located?

within the broad ligament

15

What is the function of the suspensory ligament of the ovary?

it is part of the mesovarium that connects to the last rib and 'suspends' the ovary

16

What is the intercornual ligament?

a ligament found between two uterine horns where the meet the uterine body

17

Where is the cortex located in domesticated species - not the horse?

outer area with the follicles

18

Where is the medulla located in domesticated species - not the horse?

in the center of the ovary

19

What is different about the horse ovary?

the medulla is on the outside and the cortex is a very small

20

What is the infundibulum?

the funnel-shaped end of the uterine tube

21

What is the fimbirae?

finger-like projections on the ingundibulum that direct the egg where to go

22

What is the abdominal opening of the uterine tube?

the opening in the center of the infundibulum that is the only opening of the peritoneal cavity to the outside

23

What species has the ovulation fossa?

the horse

24

What is the ovulation fossa?

a central depression in the ovary where ovulation consistently takes place

25

When is the cervical canal open?

during estrous and birth

26

What species have the vaginal recess?

the horse and carnivores

27

What are pulvini?

mounds/cushions in the cervix that interdigitate and close the cervical canal

28

Which species have long uterine horns?

carnivores and the sow

29

Which species has uterine horns that are the same length as the uterine body?

the horse

30

Characterize the uterine horns and body of the ruminant.

long horns with a short uterine body, the uterine horns are coiled together and bound by intercornual ligaments