217 Final Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Speech > 217 Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in 217 Final Deck (84)
Loading flashcards...
1

LABEL PICTURE Anatomy of hearing (look at 1st pic in study guide)

A: external auditory meatus
B: cartilage
C: tympanic membrane
D:external
E:middle
F:inner ear
G:malleus
H:incus
I: semicircular canals
J: lateral
K:posterior
L: superior
M: vestibular nerve
N: facial nerve
O: vestibulocochlear nerve
P: cochlea
Q: vestibule
R: stapes
S: auditory tube

2

What are the 3 structures of the ear?

outer, middle, inner ear, auditory pathways

3

The pinna is also known as the?

auricle

4

the eardrum is also known as the?

tympanic membrane

5

the ____ separates the middle ear from the outer ear

tympanic membrane

6

What is the resonating cavity that contributes to hearing?

external auditory meatus

7

What are the bones of the middle ear called?

ossicles

8

What are the 3 parts of the ossicular chain?

Malleus, incus, and stapes

9

Which is the largest of the ossicles?

malleus

10

the ____ contains the three smallest bones of the body

middle ear

11

the ____ and ____ are the two smallest muscles of the body

stapedius
tensor tympani

12

the sensors for balance and hearing are in the ____

inner ear

13

the _____ looks like a coiled snail shell

osseous cochlear labyrnith

14

the ______ has 4 rows of hair cells

organ of corti

15

what does the outer ear do?

collect the sound

16

what does the middle ear do?

matching Airborn signal

17

what does the inner ear do?

analysis of the signal

18

what does the auditory pathway do?

carries the signal

19

what does the cerebral cortex do?

interprets the signal

20

The inner ear contains both the _____ and ____

vestibular and auditory mechanisms

21

the ____ provides major input to the _____

The auditory mechanism provides major input to the proprioceptive system.

22

the ____ is responsible for the sense of ones body in space

proprioceptive system

23

Where does the initiation of electrical events occur?

cochlea

24

What are the 4 types of hearing loss?

conductive
sensorineural
fluctuating
mixed

25

what are 4 causes of conductive hearing loss?

middle ear infections
perforation of the eardrum
fixation of the ossicular chain
otosclerosis

26

If you have damage to the cochlea you would have what type of hearing loss?

Sensorineural

27

What is it called when the bones of our head vibrate in response to sound waves?

Bone conduction

28

____ is when sound circumvents the ear canal and eardrum and vibrates the middle ear bones directly.

bone conduction

29

What are three factors that contribute to decreased perception?

.loudness
.background noise
. attention
.comprehension
.familiarity

30

What are three factors that contribute to hearing loss?

. noise exposure
.birth defect
.age
.disease
. ear infection
.accident