210 M9: Anatomy of Hearing Read & Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 210 M9: Anatomy of Hearing Read & Review Deck (28)
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1

The oval shaped ____ separates the middle ear from the outer ear

tympanic membrane

2

the ___ serves the function of sound collection

pinna

3

the __ meatus is a conduit for sound reaching the tympanic membrane

external auditory

4

the ___ is the bone of the middle ear directly attached to the tympanic membrane

malleus

5

the___ is the bone of the middle ear directly communicating with the oval window

stapes

6

the ___ muscle pulls the stapes posteriorly

stapedius

7

the ____ muscle pulls the malleus anteromedially

tensor tympani

8

the ___ is the system of cavities within bone that houses the membranous labyrinth

osseus labyrinth

9

the ____ provides communication between the scala tympani and the middle ear

round window

10

the ___ permits communication between the scala vestibuli and the middle ear space

oval window

11

the ____ is a fulid-filled sac attached to the walls of the osseous labyrinth and filled with endolymph

membraneous labyrinth

12

The ___ are the 3 smallest bones in the body- what are they?

Malleus
Incus
Stapes

13

what is the largest of the ossicles ?
Incus is shaped like an anvil
Stapes
Third bone of the ossicular chain
Helps to transmit sound vibrations from eardrum to the oval window

Malleus is the largest of the ossicles

14

Incus is shaped like

an anvil

15

The third bone of the ossicular chain
Helps to transmit sound vibrations from eardrum to the oval window

Stapes

16

responsible for aeration of the middle ear

Eustachian tube

17

sense movement of the head towards the shoulder

Anterior canals

18

sense movement of the head when nodding “yes”

Posterior canals

19

sense movement of the head when shaking head “no”

Lateral semicular canal

20

the process associated with hearing and a vital part of verbal communication

audition

21

what are the 4 structures of the ear

outer
middle
inner ear
auditory pathways

22

the stapedius muscle and the tensor tympani are the

smallest muscles of the human body

23

contains sensors for hearing

the cochlea

24

contains sensors for balance

the vestibular system

25

The osseous semicirular canals are (2)

-canals of the vestibular system
-contain sense organs for movement of the body in space

26

The osseous cochlear labyrinth (2)

looks like a coiled snail shell
the vital structure attaches to the scala media

27

connects upper duct and subarchnoid space

cochelear aqueduct

28

organ of corti (2)

-sensory organ of hearing within the inner ear
- has 4 rows of hair cells