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Flashcards in M11 Brain Deck (34)
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1

cortical site involved with controlling movements of the body

primary motor cortex (precentural gyrus)

2

controls facial neurons, speech and language comprehension. Located on the Left frontal lobe

Broca's Area

3

results in the ability to comprehend speech but the decreased motor ability (or inability) to speak and form words

Broca's Aphasia

4

responsible for hearing

primary auditory cortex

5

interprets the sense of smell once it reaches the cortex

primary olfactory cortex

6

language comprehension. Located on the left temporal lobe

wernicke's area

7

language comprehension is inhibited. words and sentences are not clearly understood and sentence formation may be inhibited or non-sensical

wernicke's aphasia

8

Lobes and Structures of the brain Labeling

A. Central Sulcus
B. Frontal Lobe
C. Sylvian/Lateral Fissure
D. Temporal Lobe
E. Transverse Fissure
F. Occipital Lobe
G. Parietal Lobe

9

gathers information about changes occuring within and around the body

sensory

10

____ receptors, at the ends of ____ nerves, send signals to ____

Sensory receptors, at the ends of peripheral nerves, send signals to CNS

11

______information is "brought together" interpreted, to create sensations, create thoughts, add to memory, make decisions, ect

Integrative

12

sending of signals to muscles and/or glands to elicit a response

motor

13

the three general functions of the nervous system (in order) are:

sensory, integrative, and motor

14

The central nervous system is composed of:
These neurons ____

the brain and the spinal cord.
cannot regenerate if damaged

15

the peripheral nervous system is made up of:
these neurons _____

peripheral nervous that connect the CNS to the rest of the body
can regenerate if damaged

16

There are ___ peripheral nerves

33

17

there are _ cranial nerves

12

18

the gaining (taking in) information from the outside world- hot, cold, pressure, pain, 5 senses

sensory

19

the movement/muscle control portion of the nerve

motor

20

12 pairs of cranial nerves diagram

I. Olfactory
II Optic
III oculomotor
IV trochelar
V trigeminal
VI abducens
VII facial
VIII vestibulecochlear
IX glossopharyngeal
X Vagus
XI Spinal Accessory
XII Hypoglossal

21

___ of the nerves are very important for speech and swallowing

6

22

Controls the ability to smell

I. olfacory

23

controls the ability to see/vision

II. Optic

24

visual convergence and accommodation /controls muscles of the eye

III oculormotor

25

rotates eye down and out /superior oblique muscle

IV trochlear

26

sensations to eye, nose, and face: meninges; muscles of mastication and tongue/ muscles of mastication

V Trigeminal

27

supplies lateral eye muscles/controls lateral rectus muscle

VI abducens

28

sensations to tongue and soft palate; muscles of the face and stapedius/muscles facial expression

VII Facial

29

hearing and balance

VIII Vestibulocochlear

30

sensation to tonsils, pharynx, and soft palate; muscles of pharynx and stylopharyngeus

IX. glossophyaryngeal