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Flashcards in Midterm A&P CH5 +6 Deck (33)
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1

T/F Articulator for speech is the process of bringing two or more movable speech structures together to form sounds of speech

True

2

Relatively protruded mandible

Class III malocclusion

3

normal orientation of mandible and maxillae - few millimeters of overbite

Class I occlusion

4

relatively retracted mandible; may be product of relative micrognathia

class II malocclusion

5

needed for mastication

proper occlusion

6

normal orientation of molars; abnormal orientation of incisors

Class I malocclusion

7

The articulatory system depends on the ___, ___, and ___

lips, tongue, velum

8

T/F All structures used to produce speech are mobile

false

9

The oral cavity consists of (4)

velum, uvula, hard palate, paletine

10

the ___ warms and humidifes air to protect the lungs

nasal cavity

11

What are the immobile articulators?

hard palate, alveolar ridge, teeth, upper jaw

12

the ___ is the opening between the oropharynx and the nasopharynx

veloharngeal port

13

the vocal tract consists of ___, ___, ___

oral cavity, nasal cavity, pharynx

14

____ refers to the elements of prosody

suprasegmental

15

____ is the system of speech used to vary the meaning of speech

prosody

16

the ___, ___, and ___ are three major types of vocal registers

model, glottal fry, falsetto

17

____, ___, ____are the three ways the larynx protects us from foreign objects

coughing, throat clearing, abdominal fixation

18

What are 3 elements of prosody?

loudness, stress, rhythm, pitch, intonation, duration

19

adduction and onset of respiration at the same time

simultaneous vocal attack

20

start significant airflow before adducting the vocal folds

breathy vocal attack

21

adduction of the vocal folds prior to the airflow

glottal attack

22

T/F The whisper has voicing concerns

false

23

What is the most important role of the larynx?

protective function

24

The Buccal cavity

plays a role in resonance and high-level consonant production lies lateral to the oral cavity between teeth and cheeks

25

The oral cavity

most significant of the cavities undergoes most change during speech act, strongly involved in articulation, shaped by movements of tongue and mandible

26

pharyngeal cavity

shape altered by pharyngeal constrictor muscles, laryngeal elevation and depression

27

the area above the velum

Oropharynx

28

anterior to the epiglottis and inferior to the esophagus

Laryngopharynx:

29

is above the soft palate and contains pharyngeal consols

Nasopharynx

30

articulation is:

the process of joining 2 elements together