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2019 - Modern World History > The Cold War > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Cold War Deck (24)
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1

What was the Cold War?

A period of conflict between the Soviet Union and the US that did not ever break into full scale war

2

What is the difference between cold and hot wars?

Cold wars use only words, hot wars use weapons

3

What caused the Cold War?

The USSR wanted to turn other countries Communists as a way to protect themselves from future wars, and the US wanted to stop communism from spreading.

4

What is containment?

This is how the US was going to stop the spread of communism.

5

What was US plan for containment?

We would use either money or fighting to stop communism anywhere it sprang up throughout the world.

6

What was USSR plan for containment?

They would try to get countries to become communist

7

What was NATO?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This was a group of friendly countries who promised to protect each other from the spread of communism and the Soviet Union

8

What was Warsaw Pact?

This was the alliance of communist countries and was controlled by the Soviet Union.

9

How was the following events part of containment?

-Cuban missile crisis

The Soviets tried to ship nuclear weapons to communist Cuba, and we refused to let the ships in

10

How was the following events part of containment?

-Vietnam war

The communist North Vietnamese and Vietcong, backed by the Soviet Union, were fighting to control the capitalist South Vietnam. The US backed the South to stop the whole country from becoming communist.

11

How was the following events part of containment?

-Korean war

The communist North, backed by communist China, were fighting to control the capitalist South Korea. The US backed the South to stop the whole country from becoming communist.

12

How was the following events part of containment?

-Marshall plan

When countries in Europe began to seeing a rise in communism in their own countries, the US gave them billions of dollars to improve their country so communism would seem less appealing.

13

How was the following events part of containment?

-Berlin airlift

The Soviet Union cut off water, electric, and trade to West Berlin, and dared the US to do something about it. Instead of fighting, we flew in all the supplies the country would need for an entire year.

14

What was the Arms Race?

Both the Soviets and the Americans were both worried the other would build superior weapons which could destroy whole countries

The United States and the Soviet Union began building more nuclear weapons and ways to deliver them

15

What is Mutually Assured Destruction?

If one country attacks the other, the response would ensure both sides are destroyed

Neither side wanted to attack because of this

16

Explain two parts of Butter Battle.

Butter difference- Communism or Capitalism

M.A.D. policy- did not want to drop their bomb at the end

Wall that divided them- Berlin
Wall

Arms Race- building up their weapons to be better than each others

17

How was the Space Race an effect of the arms race?

The race to come up with ways to deliver the nuclear weapons led to the Space Race

The Space Race turned into a scientific battle

Missiles led to rockets which could reach space

The Soviets launched the first satellite “Sputnik” which set of a frenzy in the United States

Ended with the US landing on the moon

This race to led all sorts of new technology

18

What is decolonization?

Former colonies that were formed during Imperialism times started to push back and gain independence to rule themselves.

19

Explain each of the causes for decolonization.

-Colonial nationalism

Many natives fought for the European countries in WWII to try and gain freedom.

Groups formed in colonies to push for natives to rule their own countries.

20

Explain each of the causes for decolonization.

-Cost of colonies

After WW2, European countries did not have the money needed to deal with these nationalist movements.

Wars and violent rebellions were expensive, and the European public was not ready to back more wars around the globe.

21

Explain each of the causes for decolonization.

-Pressure from US/USSR

-US
After WW2, the idea of freedom and equality because accepted as the norm.
We pressured our friends to put that idea into practice by treating the colonies the same

-USSR
Communism preaches about equality of the working class, and urged nationalist leaders to rise up against their “rich, capitalist rulers”


22

What methods of nonviolent resistance did Gandhi use in India?

-How Boycotts Work

Refused to buy British made goods so that British companies started losing money


-How Non-violence and Civil
Disobedience works

Openly refuse to obey laws you think are unjust, and accept the punishment without violence

Makes the government look like the aggressor, not you

When a whole country refuses to go along with your plans it becomes impossible


23

What issues resulted from the partition of India?

The British did not force the people to move to the new areas, but the social pressure was immense

Those who did not move faced violence and discrimination

The giant migration caused violence during the move

The lack of planning led to homelessness and poverty in the new areas

The region of Kashmir was supposed to be settled on their own

It led to violence and that is still going on today

24

How did the end of imperialism negatively affect countries in Africa?

When the imperialist countries left the colonies, they did not leave a functioning government behind

The countries are almost always poor because they lost out on the use of their resources

Genocides and wars are still going on today in regions