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2019 - Modern World History > World War 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in World War 2 Deck (28)
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1

Explain how Hitler expanded his power for each of the following event: Army Size

Broke Treaty of Versailles by starting to rebuilt his military, airforce, and navy in secret

2

Explain how Hitler expanded his power for each of the following event: Rhineland

Put his military in the region between France and Germany that was taken away from Germany in Treaty

3

Explain how Hitler expanded his power for each of the following event: Austria

Combined Austria into the German empire

4

Explain how Hitler expanded his power for each of the following event: Czechoslovakia

Took over the region and used its resources for their army

5

Why did Hitler/ Germans want the above things?

He wanted to make Germany powerful again, expand their living space, and combine all the German speaking people into one empire.

6

What is appeasement?

diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid conflict.

7

What are the four reasons why Europe allowed appeasement?

- The Allied Powers were in the depths of the Great Depression, and did not have the money to be involved in another war.
- The memory of World War 1 was still fresh, and none of the world wanted to do that again.
- They were trying to convince themselves that Hitler’s demands were reasonable, and hoped he would be satisfied if he got what he wanted
- The militaries of the Allied countries were still recovering from WWI

8

What was the consequence of appeasement for the Allies?

- Allowed Hitler to control a larger population to use as an army
- Allowed Hitler to control a more people to tax and gather wealth from
- Made Hitler seem invincible to his own people, so they bought into him as a leader
- Allowed the Germans to control areas with tons of resources like iron, coal, and agricultural land

9

What was the importance of the Battle of Dunkirk?

Germany surrounded French troops and pushed them out of France to Great Britain.

Left France undefended from the Nazis, but saved 338,000 soldiers to fight later in the war.

10

What was the importance of the Battle of Britain?

Germany used constant bombing to try and have them surrender, since they could not have a land invasion across the sea easily.

This battle saved Europe from complete Nazi control, and was later the able to be used as the base of operations for retaking control of Europe from Hitler.

11

What was the importance of the attack on Pearl Harbor?

Japan bombed the United States Navy fleet to try to knock them out of the war before they could attack Japan.

This battle drew the United States into WW2

12

What was the importance of the Battle of Stalingrad?

The German and Russian army clashed in the bloodiest battle for control of this important Russian city

This battle was the turning point for the war, especially in the East. From this point on, Hitler's armies were pushed back into Germany.

13

What was the importance of the D-Day?

Massive Allie re-invasion of Europe by the Allied powers, launched from England

This battle put Hitler into a 2 front war and stopped him from reinforcing his armies getting beat in Russia.

14

Who are the allies?

Britain, France, the United States, Soviet Union

15

Who are the Axis Powers?

Germany, Italy, Japan

16

How successful was Hitler at fighting in the war?

Hitler’s armies were very successful early in the war, but were terribly ineffective after the invasion of the Soviet Union.

17

What happened to Hitler?

He committed suicide as the war was coming to an end

18

Why does that happen?

He had lost the war, and did not want to be captured by the Soviets

19

What two cities does the US drop Atomic Bombs on?

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

20

Why did the US drop the atomic bomb?

The invasion of Japan would have been costly in terms of lives, both Japanese and American

We wanted to show off our new weapons to the Soviets as a show of our power.

21

What were the negative consequences of doing this

It killed over 100,000 instantly, and more hundreds of thousands in the weeks that followed

The effects on the citizens of Japan was cruel, even by the standards of war.

22

What decisions were made at the Potsdam Conference?

Split Europe into two

East- Communist controlled

West- Democratic and capitalist controlled

23

What was the purpose of the Nuremberg Trials?

Attempted to bring justice to the Nazi leadership in Germany

Run by the United Nations

Important step towards having an international court to prosecute war crimes and “crimes against humanity”

24

What are the major functions of the United Nations General Assembly?

All countries have a vote in world affairs

25

What are the major functions of the United Nations Economic and Social Development groups?

Gives loans to developing countries

Deals with disease outbreaks and health

Helps children in developing countries

26

What are the major functions of the United Nations Security Council
?

Can step into conflicts in countries to stop them from escalating into war

27

What are the major functions of the United Nations International Court of Justice?

Convicts war criminals

28

How did Japan change after World War 2?

The United States took control of Japan

Forced it to demilitarize

Lost all colonies

Emperor had to admit he was not a god

A democracy was set up

Became allies with the

US during the Cold War