Test #1 Review Flashcards Preview

Intro To Sociology > Test #1 Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test #1 Review Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

Children copy, or imitate, the behaviors of others around them without sophisticated understanding of what they are imitating.

Whose theory is this?

What ages is it associated with?

Preparatory stage. George Herbert Mead. Age 0-2.

2

During this stage, children begin to engage in symbolic play and learn to manipulate symbols.

Whose theory is this?
What is the age bracket?
Which stage (1-4) is this?

Preoperational stage. Piaget. Age 2-7. Stage 2.

3

Large-scale organizations which use one or more of these technologies to communicate with large numbers of people

Mass media

4

Individuals who sell their labour power for wages and who do not own the means of production

Proletariate class

5

Articulate

Precise use of language

6

Values + Society. One who believes that a society is a system of interconnected parts that work together in harmony to maintain a state of balance and social equilibrium for the whole.

Functionalist

7

The process of learning to behave in a way that is acceptable to society

Socialization

8

Consists of the beliefs, behaviors, objects, and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society

Culture

9

The recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern

Manifest functions

10

Why is sociology scientific?

Sociology is scientific because of the use of specific language

11

Typically focused on the micro-level of social interaction that composes everyday life

Qualitative research

12

A social or religious custom prohibiting or forbidding discussion of a particular practice or forbidding association with a particular person, place, or thing

Taboos

13

Uses numerical data to identify large-scale trends

Quantitative research

14

People act toward things based on the meaning those things have for them, and these meanings are derived from social interaction and modified through interpretation.

Who is this attributed to?

Symbolic interactions. George Herbert Mead.

15

The system of communication used by a particular community or country.

Language

16

Social expectations that guide behavior

Norms

17

Involves interviews or administering questionnaires to large numbers of people

Surveys

18

The principle of regarding the beliefs, values, and practices of a culture from the viewpoint of that culture itself

Cultural relativism

19

A punishment for breaking an established norm

Negative sanction

20

Claims society is in a state of perpetual conflict due to competition for limited resources. It holds that social order is maintained by domination and power, rather than consensus and conformity.

Whose theory is this?

Conflict theory, Karl Marx

21

Anything created by humans which gives information about the culture of its creator and users

Material artifacts

22

A social psychological concept stating that a person's self grows out of society's interpersonal interactions and the perceptions of others.

(Whose theory is this?)

Looking-glass self, Charles Horton Cooley

23

A gesture (usually a vocal gesture) that calls out in the individual making the gesture the same (i.e., functionally identical) response that is called out in others to whom the gesture is directed

Symbol

24

1. Children understand their social position and the positions of those around them
2. Children become concerned about the demands and expectations of others

(And who is this attributed to?)

The game stage - George Herbert Mead

25

It is the general notion that a person has of the common expectations that others have about actions and thoughts within a particular society, and thus serves to clarify their relation to the other as a representative member of a shared social system.

Who is this attributed to?
What does this go along with?

Generalized other. Mead. Symbolic interactionism.

26

Examples include any ideas, beliefs, values, or norms that shape a society

Non-material artifacts

27

There are a number of things that can affect an individual's socialization process. These are called _____.

Agents of socialization

28

A cultural group within a larger culture, often having beliefs or interests at variance with those of the larger culture

Subcultures

29

The feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is suddenly subjected to an unfamiliar culture, way of life, or set of attitudes

Culture shock

30

A primary group of people who have similar interests (homophily), age, background, or social status. The members of this group are likely to influence the person's beliefs and behavior.

Peer groups