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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Vocab Deck (17)
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1

The systematic study of human society

Sociology

2

People who live in a defined territory and share a way of life

Society

3

Sociology's special point of view that sees general patterns of society in the lives of particular people

Sociological perspective

4

The study of the larger world and our society's place in it

Global perspective

5

The nations with the highest overall standards of living

High-income countries

6

Nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole

Middle-income countries

7

Nations with a low standard of living in which most people are poor

Low-income countries

8

A scientific approach to knowledge based on "positive" facts as opposed to mere speculation

Positivism

9

A statement of how and why specific facts are related

Theory

10

A basic image of society that guides thinking and research

Theoretical approach

11

A framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability

Structural-functional approach

12

Any relatively stable pattern of social behavior

Social structure

13

The consequences of a social pattern for the operation of society as a whole

Social functions

14

The recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern

Manifest functions

15

The unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern

Latent functions

16

Any social pattern that may disrupt the operation of society

Social dysfunction

17

A framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change

Social-conflict approach